Manufacturers have found six different explanations for the scarcity of video cards

Источник изображения: Igor


The market entered the new year in a state of serious shortage of video cards, which will not be eliminated by the middle of the year, even in the forecasts of AMD and NVIDIA management. Consultations with the participants in the production and logistics chain allowed us to find out what reasons caused the shortage of video cards this season, their number reached six.

Image source: Igor's LAB

Image source: Igor’s LAB

According to the Igor’s LAB resource, miners are buying up GeForce RTX 3060 Ti at factories at $ 700 apiece, exacerbating the shortage of video cards. For manufacturers, this form of selling products is more profitable, since they give a good price, and in such cases there is no need to worry about warranty obligations. Although this factor cannot be called new, it is gradually coming to the fore in terms of the degree of influence on the market.

The second reason, which has long been known, is the lack of proper next-generation GPUs. The current video chips TSMC releases for AMD using 7nm technology, NVIDIA receives 8nm gaming solutions from Samsung. Both contractors are struggling to cope with the demand, and it remains to be seen who chip developers are less dependent on in this situation.

The third reason, which affects not only the video card market, but also all products using the power subsystem of electronic components, is the lack of PWM controllers for printed circuit boards. Laptops, motherboards, video cards – all these products are in short supply precisely because of the lack of power elements.

Not much is known about the fourth reason for the shortage of video cards and motherboards, but the primary source claims that specialized controllers for monitoring operational parameters are also supplied in insufficient quantities.

The fifth and sixth reasons stand side by side, as they relate to the memory chip market. For the needs of NVIDIA, the GDDR6X chips are supplied only by Micron, they are required in the production of GeForce RTX 3080 and GeForce RTX 3090 video cards, but it is not possible to use them in combination with other video chips, except GA102, and this graphics processor itself is a scarce component.

GDDR6 memory is much more in demand, since it is used by both new AMD video cards and Sony and Microsoft game consoles. GDDR6 microcircuits are also not enough for everyone, although not only Micron can supply them, unlike GDDR6X.

Finally, a new wave of the cryptocurrency boom has provoked a shortage of power supplies of running ratings. Manufacturers rushed to meet the demand for powerful models, which is fueled by miners, among other things. Many new players began to appear on the market, who make cheap and powerful power supplies for mining, not caring too much about their quality and longevity. Not everyone has enough components for their production.

A rather exotic impact on the computer component market is the lack of elements for creating controlled RGB lighting. Many components are now equipped with it – from motherboards and video cards to memory modules and water blocks. In China’s domestic market, demand for RGB lighting solutions is now very high, so the export of profile components is starting to suffer.

It remains to add that the unpredictability of the supply situation is forcing some manufacturers to increase their inventory, only exacerbating the shortage of purchased components. This equation with many unknowns, it seems, market participants will not undertake to solve in the coming months, so end customers have to learn to live in conditions of constant scarcity.

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MediaTek will use 6nm technology in new chips

MediaTek will use 6nm technology in new chips


MarketTechnology

Anna Savelieva | 01/20/2021

MediaTek will use 6nm technology in new chips

The company has unveiled a flagship 5G processor that should take Qualcomm for market share in premium devices.

On Wednesday, MediaTek announced the Dimensity 1200 and Dimensity 1100 chips, which will appear in new smartphones as early as March. The first companies to declare their desire to use the platform were
Xiaomi, Vivo, OPPO and Realme. Moreover, the latest manufacturer announced the device model – Realme X9 Pro.

So, Dimensity 1200 boasts eight processing cores in a “1 + 3 + 4” configuration: one Cortex-A78 core with a clock speed of up to 3.0 GHz, three Cortex-A78 cores with a frequency of 2.6 GHz and four
Cortex-A55 cores clocked at up to 2.0 GHz. At the same time, the chip supports LPDDR4x-4266 RAM up to 16 GB, UFS 3.1 flash drives, Wi-Fi 6 wireless communication
(a / b / g / n / ac / ax), Bluetooth 5.2 and FM radio, and the integrated modem provides 5G connectivity up to 4.7 Gbps per download.

And although the same accelerator is responsible for graphics processing as in the Dimensity 1000 (Mali-G77 MC9), devices based on this processor can be equipped with cameras with a resolution of up to 200 million pixels.
In addition, the chip received new software support for better tracing and the ability to work with displays with a refresh rate of up to 168 Hz and a resolution of up to 2520 × 1080 pixels.

Dimensity 1100 received a symmetric configuration “4 + 4”: two Cortex-A78 and Cortex-A55 with frequencies up to 2.6 and 2.0 GHz, respectively. Supports up to 108 million camera resolution
pixels and displays with refresh rates up to 144 Hz. The graphics accelerator is the same as in Dimensity 1100.

Like Qualcomm and Apple, MediaTek develops chips and then outsource their production to third parties. New items will be assembled at TSMC using 6nm technology, while Qualcomm processors
is manufactured by Samsung with 5nm technology, and Apple is using TSMC 5nm technology.

Previous MediaTek chips used a 7nm process technology. Moving to the next level will not only help make platforms 22% faster in computing tasks and reduce energy consumption by 25%, but
and spur competition between companies.

Processors



Pentagon protest against the creation of Ligado networks in the United States, which allegedly pose a threat to GPS, rejected

REUTERS/Andrew Kelly


The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) on Tuesday night rejected requests from US government agencies to suspend the rollout of Ligado Networks’ nationwide L-band mobile broadband network, which will be used primarily for 5G services and the Internet of Things.

REUTERS / Andrew Kelly

In May of this year, the US Department of Commerce’s National Telecommunications and Information Administration filed a request with the FCC on behalf of executive authorities, including the Department of Defense and Transportation, arguing that the FCC’s approval of the program would cause “irreparable harm to government users” of the GPS satellite navigation system.

The FCC said plans for the Ligado network have not yet been finalized and negotiations are ongoing with government agencies about the network’s potential impact on government GPS systems. The current decision of the commission came a day before President-elect Joe Biden takes office and FCC Chairman Ajit Pai leaves office.

We must continue to move forward to ensure the availability of next generation wireless services, and to do so, we must make the most of this long-underutilized spectrum.Pai said. – The technical rationale in our report demonstrates the FCC made the right decision“.

In addition to government departments, the International Pilots Association (ALPA), the US Equipment Manufacturers Association, the International Air Transport Association, IATA, Iridium Communications and Lockheed Martin have reportedly asked the regulator to reconsider its decision last year.

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MSI prepares MPG Z590 Gaming Force motherboard with fresh design

MSI prepares MPG Z590 Gaming Force motherboard with fresh design


Internet sources have unveiled the first image of MSI’s curious product – MPG Z590 Gaming Force motherboard, designed for gaming desktops on Intel hardware platform.

The novelty is built on the Intel Z590 chipset with the ability to install LGA1200 processors. There are four slots for DDR4 memory modules.

The board stands out from other products in the MPG Z590 series with a fresh hip-hop design with elements painted in original colors – shades of red and yellow, as well as blue and black.

There are two cooling heatsinks in the VRM area. Three more heatsinks are located in the area of ​​the M.2 NVMe SSD slots. By the way, one of these slots allows the installation of a PCIe 4.0 module.

Expansion slots are made according to the scheme: two PCI Express 4.0 x16, one PCI Express 3.0 x16 and two PCI Express 3.0 x1. The motherboard is supposedly equipped with a Wi-Fi 6E wireless adapter and a 2.5 GbE network controller with up to 2.5 Gbps bandwidth.

The MSI MPG Z590 Gaming Force is expected to be priced around 310 euros. The date of the start of sales has not yet been specified.

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Xiaomi has come up with a smartphone with a retractable reflective camera

Xiaomi has come up with a smartphone with a retractable reflective camera


The Chinese company Xiaomi has offered a smartphone with a very unusual design of the camera unit. Information about the device is published on the websites of the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).

We are talking about a smartphone with a pull-out module hiding in the upper part of the case. Moreover, not components with lenses will be put forward, but a special reflective assembly.

This design will allow the image sensors to remain inside the device. The reflector unit will be able to rotate to one or another angle, which will allow for normal photography and create self-portraits. In addition, it will be possible to shoot from non-standard positions, as well as panoramic shooting.

The camera is designed to use multiple image sensors. A small electric motor will be responsible for the rotation of the reflective unit.

The proposed solution will equip the smartphone with a completely frameless display. In addition, there will be no need for a traditional rear camera with optical elements on the rear of the body.

However, so far the unusual device exists only in patent documentation. Nothing was reported about the possible time frame for the implementation of the proposed solution.

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Acer’s new gaming monitor has a 0.5ms response time

Acer's new gaming monitor has a 0.5ms response time


Acer today announced the XV270Pbmiiprfx (XV0) monitor on a high-quality IPS matrix, designed for use in gaming-grade desktop systems.

The novelty has a size of 27 inches diagonally and has a resolution of 1920 × 1080 pixels, which corresponds to the Full HD format. Brightness is 250 cd / m22, contrast – 1000: 1, dynamic contrast – 100,000,000: 1. The horizontal and vertical viewing angles reach 178 degrees.

The panel boasts a 0.5ms response time. The refresh rate is 165 Hz. At the same time, AMD FreeSync Premium technology helps to eliminate tearing effects and improve the smoothness of the picture.

The monitor claims 98 percent sRGB color space coverage and HDR10 support. The equipment includes stereo speakers with a power of 2 W each, two HDMI 2.0 interfaces and a DisplayPort 1.2 connector.

BlueLightShield (eliminates harmful to eyesight in the blue part of the light spectrum) and Flicker-less (reduces screen flicker) help reduce eye fatigue. The stand makes it possible to adjust the angles of inclination and rotation of the display, change the height in relation to the surface of the table, and also transfer the panel from landscape to portrait.

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The first domestic media server with advanced features

The first domestic media server with advanced features


MarketBusiness

Ekaterina Alexandrova | 01/19/2021

The first domestic media server with advanced features

JSC “NPO” Digital Television Systems “(as part of the innovation cluster” Technopolis GS “, Gusev, Kaliningrad region) won the competition of the Ministry of Industry and Trade for a state subsidy
for the development and organization of serial production of subscriber equipment for a multi-service digital platform for home wireless networks.

The project provides for the development and organization of serial production of devices that combine the functionality of a home media server, a smart home controller and a network router, in
several modifications. These devices will have advanced features and support all common content delivery standards (to mobile devices, TV receivers
based on the main platforms, SmartTV), provide support for mesh networks, software integration with smart home solutions, etc. The application of NPO TsTS JSC became the best of 16 successfully passed
scientific and technical assessment of the competition committee. In total, several dozen applications were submitted for the competition.

It is planned that the project will be implemented by June 30, 2025. According to the terms of the competition, the first device should be put into mass production in 2021. Products will be presented in countries
EurAsEC and far abroad.

“I am glad that the Ministry of Industry and Trade chooses to support not only projects aimed at solving niche specialized business problems, but also those that have the potential to reach millions
audience of users. This suggests that the state is increasingly turning towards the localization of large-scale production of electronics, and the domestic industry has every chance of becoming
a notable player in the global market. Our experience shows that Russian developments in the field of content consumption – both software and hardware – are quite competitive “, –
commented on the production director of GS Group Fedor Boyarkov.

According to the GS Group analytical center, at the end of 2020, the consumption of TV receivers in the world amounted to 230 million units. Market structure is changing rapidly: HD models are being replaced by Ultra HD
4K devices, internet connection becomes mandatory. However, a key market change is that telecom operators are rapidly developing their ecosystems, some of which
is built on the basis of a premium segment hybrid set-top box with the functionality of a smart home controller. The world market for such devices exceeds 10 million units per year, and the main drivers are
leading TV operators. For example, Sky Group, the world’s largest satellite operator, started developing the Sky Q family of devices back in 2016, resulting in the Sky Q Hub and Sky Broadband Hub.
The Russian market of receivers for Pay TV at the end of 2020 amounted to 4.5 million units. The development of the Russian receiver market as a whole reflects global trends: segments of simple TV set-top boxes
are shrinking, and conceptually new multifunctional devices are rapidly replacing them. In Russia, such devices are only developing, but under favorable circumstances, the volume of this segment
will be able to exceed 1 million units by 2025.

GS GroupProductionTelecommunications



NVIDIA has released a new trailer for the shooter Atomic Heart, dedicated to the capabilities of GeForce RTX

NVIDIA has released a new trailer for the shooter Atomic Heart, dedicated to the capabilities of GeForce RTX


It has been a long time since we last saw the demonstration of the Russian adventure shooter Atomic Heart, but NVIDIA decided to fix the situation. The company has introduced a fresh take on the game in a new trailer that showcases the power of GeForce RTX graphics cards.

From the very announcement of Atomic Heart, it was known that the game will support the then new ray tracing technology and DLSS from NVIDIA. The first shows focused heavily on RTX reflections, but the new trailer has shifted the focus, with Mundfish starting to focus more on ray-traced lighting and shadows.

The trailer from the NVIDIA GeForce YouTube channel contains obscene language, so here is an unofficial abridged version:


Recall that Atomic Heart takes place in an alternative universe, where the Soviet Union followed the path of rapid scientific and technological progress after World War II. The game will tell you about how robots began to attack people. The main character of P-3 will have to find out what caused all these events, and figure out what (or who) is behind the atrocities.

Atomic Heart is announced for PC, Xbox One, PlayStation 4, Xbox Series X, Xbox Series S and PlayStation 5. The game has no release date yet. Earlier, Mundfish said it did not want to release “Half-baked” product.

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SpaceX buys two offshore oil platforms to launch rockets from them

Нефтяная платформа Valaris 8500 (ENSCO)


Last year, Elon Musk’s SpaceX bought two deep-sea oil platforms and is already converting them into floating launch pads for the Starship super-heavy rockets that the company is currently developing. The installations are located in the Port of Brownsville, near the Starship Research Center in Boca Chica, Texas.

Valaris 8500 Oil Platform (ENSCO)

Valaris 8500 Oil Platform (ENSCO)

The oil platforms were renamed Deimos and Phobos, after the Martian satellites. Starship is currently SpaceX’s top priority, and the company raised its latest prototype to an altitude of 12.5 km during a test flight in December. The vehicle completed several tasks, including a pre-landing maneuver, but was unable to land successfully.

As open records show, the 8500 and 8501 super deepwater semi-submersible oil rigs were sold for $ 3.5 million each. The former rig owner, Houston, Texas-headquartered Valaris, the world’s largest owner of offshore oil rigs, filed for bankruptcy in August in an effort to ease its heavy debt burden.

Fire tests of engines of the Starship SN8 prototype (SpaceX)

Fire tests of engines of the Starship SN8 prototype (SpaceX)

According to public records, a pair of platforms were acquired in July 2020 by Lone Star Mineral Development Corporation. The latter was registered in June 2020 in the name of SpaceX CFO Bret Johnsen. Shortly before Lone Star Mineral Development was registered, Mr. Musk tweeted that SpaceX plans to build super-heavy-class floating spaceports for Mars, the Moon and hypersonic travel around Earth.

Samantha Lee / Business Insider

Samantha Lee / Business Insider

SpaceX has been publicly hiring people for positions related to maritime operations since last year, the company said it is creating a team of engineers and technicians to design and build an operational maritime missile system.

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NVIDIA explained changes in the requirements of the G-Sync Ultimate standard

NVIDIA explained changes in the requirements of the G-Sync Ultimate standard


NVIDIA has commented on lower requirements for G-Sync Ultimate monitors. Earlier in the media, reports began to appear that the manufacturer did it without an official announcement.

Let us briefly recall that the story began with the fact that the list of monitors with declared support for G-Sync Ultimate on the NVIDIA website showed up Acer X34 S model with 400 and 550 cd / m2 nominal and peak brightness2 respectively, as well as a couple of models of monitors from other manufacturers with a declared peak brightness of 600 cd / m22… This fact came into conflict with the description of the G-Sync Ultimate standard put forward by NVIDIA, since earlier the manufacturer demanded brightness from 1000 cd / m22which in turn complies with the VESA DisplayHDR 1000 certification.

The initial requirements for monitors with support for three types of G-Sync looked like this (now they are no longer relevant):

Resource Overclock3D contacted NVIDIA for comment for details. The company responded to the request as follows:

“Late last year, we updated the G-Sync Ultimate specification to add support for new OLED and Edge LED display technologies. All G-Sync Ultimate monitors feature advanced NVIDIA G-Sync processors […] Although the original displays with G-Sync Ultimate had a brightness of 1000 cd / m22and support for Full Array Local Dimming (FALD) technology, the latest displays, including OLEDs, offer nearly infinite contrast support at a claimed brightness of just 600-700 cd / m22as well as advanced multi-zone lighting technologies, including Edge LED, which deliver these 600-700 cd / m22 brightness. At the same time, brightness and VESA DisplayHDR1000 certification have never been defining aspects of the G-Sync Ultimate standard. Conventional G-Sync-enabled displays are also equipped with NVIDIA G-Sync processors. As for the monitor model Acer X34 S, it was added to the list of displays with G-Sync Ultimate support on our website by mistake. It should be in the list of displays with normal G-Sync support. “, – the company noted.

There are several conclusions to be drawn from NVIDIA’s post. First, the manufacturer actually admitted that new displays (specifically OLEDs) with a peak brightness of less than 1000 cd / m22but using alternative backlights can provide the right contrast level to meet the G-Sync Ultimate standard. Secondly, the company indicated that monitors with G-Sync Ultimate are determined by their G-Sync processor, not overall brightness.

Unfortunately, the company still does not provide a complete list of changes in the requirements for the G-Sync Ultimate standard (the site contains the old requirements), so the definition of the term “realistic HDR” mentioned on the English version of the NVIDIA site still raises some questions. On the Russian version of the site, the description of the technology is as follows:

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