History of domestic ICT: 115 years of Andronik Iosifyan

115 years of Andronic Iosifyan. IT Market

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Petr Chachin | 07/04/2020

History of domestic ICT: 115 years of Andronik Iosifyan

In July 2020, marks the 115th anniversary of the birth of Andronik Gevondovich Iosifyan (1905 – 1993), the largest scientist in the field of electrical engineering, the founder of the Soviet school of electromechanics,
Doctors of technical sciences (1940), professors (1941), academician of the Academy of Sciences of Armenia (1950), chief designer of the Meteor satellite

img Born July 8 (21), 1905
years in the village of Tsmakakoh (Nagorno-Karabakh) in the family of a teacher. At 17, he signed up as a volunteer in the Red Army, at the age of 20 he graduated from the rabfak, and in 1925 entered the Baku Polytechnic Institute, which he graduated from.
in 1929.

Since 1929 he worked as an assistant at the same institute, and in 1931 he moved to Moscow and was hired by the All-Russian Electrotechnical Institute (VEI). Here he set up a military laboratory
electrical engineering. Her patron was Marshal Tukhachevsky. The laboratory was engaged in unique projects.

In 1936, Iosifyan was granted copyright certificate No. 18294 for one of his most important inventions of the prewar years – contactless selsyn. The right to make contactless selsyn
acquired in the same year, the United States, England, France, Germany and Italy.

Until now, non-contact selsyn is an integral part of a servo drive and automatic control system in many machine designs. During the Great Patriotic War, contactless
selsins were used in artillery fire control systems, in radar installations, aviation, etc.

In 1941, a small plant was handed over to him for the production of the remote-controlled small tankettes he developed, designed to undermine enemy tanks. So it arose
Scientific-Production Organization-Plant No. 627 with Professor A.G. Iosifyan as a director.

A few years later A.G. Iosifyan was appointed chief designer of on-board electrical equipment for rockets, and in 1959, plant No. 627 was transformed into the All-Union Research Institute
Electromechanics (VNIIEM, now – VNIIEM Corporation named after A.G. Iosifyan, which is part of the Roskosmos structure).

Josifyan led the development of on-board electrical equipment for missile systems, starting with copies of the FAU-1 and FAU-2 German missiles. Then the same work on creating
the first Soviet intercontinental ballistic missile R-7.

Next – equipping the world’s first Soviet satellite, the world’s first manned spacecraft. Since 1959, he was the chief designer for the development of on-board electrical equipment
space systems, member of the Council of Chief Designers.

At the beginning of the 1950s, at the initiative of Iosifyan, VNIIEM created one of the first in the USSR digital small-sized electronic computer V-3, which subsequently worked in the system
automation of nuclear power plants (AS). Then, computers V-3M, V-7, V-10 were created on the new element base.

The VNIIEM also developed a complex automation system for the Leningrad AS SCALA based on the V-3M computer, which was later introduced at all AS with the RBMK-1000 reactor. In 1956 A. Iosifyan
together with S. Mergelyan founded the Institute of Mathematical Machines in Yerevan.

In the 1960s A.G. Iosifyan led the work on the creation of artificial Earth satellites (AES) for meteorological purposes. The first was the experimental Cosmos-122 in 1966, then became
launched numerous “Meteors” (he is the chief designer of the satellites of this series) and their modifications. Only by 1973 30 such satellites were launched, and by the time of the collapse of the USSR – 75.

In 1973, he was removed from the leadership of the institute. Until 1982, he was the scientific director of the VNIIEM experimental plant. Since 1982 – Director and Chief Designer of Research
Design Bureau of the Academy of Sciences of the Armenian SSR.

A.G. Iosifyan is the creator of a powerful domestic scientific school in the field of electromechanics. The author of about 250 scientific papers and 30 inventions. More information about the materials can be found on the website
Virtual Computer Museum www.computer-museum.ru.

history of domestic ICT

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