Today the Linux operating system celebrates its birthday. It was on August 25, 1991, after several months of development, that 21-year-old student Linus Torvalds announced at the comp.os.minix conference that he was creating a working prototype of a new OS called Linux.
The first public release of the Linux kernel took place on September 17 of the same year. It is worth noting that the size of Linux 0.0.1 in compressed form was 62 KB, and the size of the code base was 10 thousand lines. Further development of the platform over the years has led to the fact that the modern Linux kernel has over 28 million lines of code.
Linus Torvalds started developing Linux under the influence of MINIX, which was distributed under a limited license, which the programmer did not like. Later, when the Linux development project gained popularity, Torvalds was accused of simply copying the code of a number of MINIX subsystems. These accusations were dispelled by MINIX author Andrew Tanenbaum, who did a detailed comparison of the codebases of the two software platforms and found only four minor code block matches.
Linus originally intended to name the platform Freax, from free, freak, and X (Unix). However, the Linux system was named by Ari Lemmke, who at Torvalds’ request placed the OS on the university’s FTP server in the linux directory, not freax. The official mascot of the Linux platform since 1996 is the Tux penguin (the name stands for Torvalds UniX).
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