Climate regulation 1991-2020: the climate is changing

Climate regulation 1991-2020: the climate is changing

Nikolay Blinkov

Winter 2019-2020 confirms the trend that the climate is warming. It is quite capable of breaking the record of the previous abnormally warm winter – 2006-2007. Even though winter is already over the middle,
in Central Russia, with the same tendency, the snow cover may not form – the air temperature is obviously too high for the snow to lie, not the same. It is also too high
it is also in order for precipitation to be solid.

If during the abnormal winter of 2006-2007 a permanent snow cover formed in the Moscow region in the twentieth of January, then during this winter for the first time in the history of meteorological chronicle
January average temperature can turn positive. Snow is absent almost throughout European Russia (except the regions of the Far North). The weather forecast remains
disappointing – warm weather is expected.

The temperature corresponds to the weather in the second half of March or the first half of November. However, if you follow the chronology of the climatic norm (climate is traditionally taken
average monthly temperature), then warm winter, although it will be knocked out of the future norm of the series 1991-2020, but will continue the trends of recent years.

For decades, the average January temperature in Moscow has risen by about a degree. If the norm of 1961-1990 had an average January temperature of -9.2; then the 1991-2020 rate will be about -5.5
degrees – warmer by four degrees. The average Moscow winter is about the same as the average temperature in cities of the steppe zone of Russia or Ukraine, such as the Dnieper or Rostov-on-Don,
30 years ago. The current is warmer than the average January norm of Krasnodar or Simferopol. The summer months became less significant, but anomalous heat, such as the summer of 2010, showed that
the boundary of summer heat also increased dramatically. The average temperature depends not only on global warming, but also on changes in air masses – yes, in Moscow this winter is absolutely dominated by warm
air masses from the West, and cold Arctic air masses do not enter the region at all. The change in the average monthly temperature in Russia’s middle zone is the largest. from the zone
mixed forests Moscow climate is slowly shifting to the north of the forest-steppe zone.

Global warming will eventually allow the cultivation of thermophilic fruit trees such as apricots, plums and cherries in the suburbs. However, they will be much stronger
temperature changes, drought or vice versa, snowless winters. Whether the winter of 2019-2020 will repeat the winter of 2006-2007, when winter came in the third decade of January is unknown. However, for everything
Moscow’s meteorological history was no more anomalous in winter. The cause of the abnormal weather is considered by the forecasters shifted relative to the normal position of the air masses – dominated by warm warm
air masses from the Atlantic.

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