Last year, we could see how the American authorities express their concern about “technological sovereignty” in a peculiar way. As a result, China was imposed by sanctions, and Taiwan’s TSMC was persuaded to build a 5nm plant in Arizona, which will be ready by 2023. Europe also has an initiative to develop a local semiconductor industry.
Back in early December, seventeen European countries signed a joint declaration on financing the development of cost-effective processors with a data protection function and the development of lithography technologies with rates up to 2 nm inclusive. In the next two or three years, 145 billion euros will be allocated for these needs.
According to the European Commission’s conclusion, the creation of rugged processors for use in cars, medical equipment, mobile phones and network components ensures competitiveness at the global level. In the semiconductor industry, seven key areas have been identified for financing developments from the European budget.
It is assumed that public money will be used to finance those projects that cannot be implemented only with the help of private capital due to their unprofitability or high degree of risk. Together, the European countries will make it possible to create advanced processors and related technologies for their production. As a result of such initiatives, industrial alliances can arise that unite companies from different countries. The emphasis will be on the development of advanced sensors, components for artificial intelligence systems, microcontrollers, low-power components and rugged processors. Equipment for the production of semiconductor products will also not be left without material support from the European authorities.
The authors of the initiative are concerned that Europe’s share of the world market for semiconductor components does not exceed 10%, the region largely depends on other countries, so it is necessary to develop local development and production. The document was signed by representatives of Austria, Belgium, Germany, Greece, Spain, Italy, Cyprus, Malta, the Netherlands, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Finland, France, Croatia and Estonia. Considering that the interests of the Netherlands may be represented by the ASML holding company that produces lithographic equipment, the task of mastering 2-nm technology concerns it directly and directly.
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