Google has announced a new Carbon Free Energy Percentage (CFE%) tool that provides customers with information on the level of renewable energy in its cloud regions. Average hourly information “Percentage of carbon-free energy generated” (CFE%) for most Google cloud regions is available on the company’s website and on GitHub.
“Google first achieved carbon neutrality in 2007, and since 2017 we have purchased enough solar and wind power to meet 100% of our global electricity consumption. We are now building on this progress to achieve a new sustainability goal: to run our business on clean energy 24/7, everywhere, by 2030. Today we’re sharing how we’re doing this so our customers can choose Google Cloud Regions based on the clean energy that supplies them. “, – the company said on its website.
CFE% reflects the extent to which a region was supplied with clean energy on average hourly. CFE% is calculated using data on the hourly power supplying the grid and the net energy on the grid produced through the Google PPA. In regions with a lower rating, the required amount of locally generated energy from alternative sources is missing more hours per year.
Of all Google Cloud availability regions for which data is available, us-west1 in Oregon is the greenest with a CFE of 89%. Least asia-southeast1 compliant in Singapore with CFE 3%. For most Asian regions other than Taiwan (19%), CFE% is not reported. Also, no data are provided for Zurich and Montreal, which are also considered one of the most “carbon intensive” regions, along with Jakarta and Japan.
Salesforce is one of the companies that has already integrated environmental considerations into their IT strategy, working to make the services they provide to their customers greener. “Salesforce believes it must harness the power of innovation and technology across all customer relationships to address climate change.”Says Patrick Flynn, VP of Sustainability, Salesforce.
“We share this data so you, like Salesforce, can take carbon into account when deciding where to place your services in our infrastructure., – reported in the blog of the company, – Just as there are potential differences in price or lag across a region, there are differences in carbon emissions associated with electricity generation from each Google Cloud region. ”
Greenpeace has previously criticized Google and other cloud providers for partnering with oil and gas giants, whose environmental impact (in terms of carbon emissions) is offset by the transition to alternative energy sources. At the same time, fears that data centers will consume more and more electricity have not been confirmed – thanks to the increase in energy efficiency, they still account for 1% of global consumption. However, the impact of the data center on the environment is not limited to this.