Andrey Markeev | 06.03.2021
This project involves 209 cities with a population of more than 100 thousand people, of which 84, in which innovations are introduced faster and more efficiently, have pilot status.
In 2019, a standard for Smart Cities was developed, which is a set of basic and additional functions that should be implemented by 2030. Urban digitalization index
farms IQ should grow by 30% by 2030.
Widespread digitalization has not escaped large settlements either. Within the framework of two national programs – “Housing and the Digital Environment” and “Digital Economy”, a project has been implemented in Russia since 2018
“Smart city”, which is located at the intersection of all areas of city life and whose goal is to improve the lives of citizens through digital solutions.
In order to understand how development is taking place, the IQ of cities was calculated in the same year – the index of digitalization of the urban economy, taking into account 47 different areas, including housing and communal services, ecology,
transport, security, etc. And by 2030 this figure should be increased by 30%. And in 2019, IQ grew by 18%. Today, the leaders in the digitalization of urban economy are Moscow,
Moscow region, Yekaterinburg and Kazan.
But, as noted by Elena Semenova, deputy director of the Federal Autonomous Institution “Design Directorate of the Ministry of Construction of Russia”, the introduction of digital solutions and, accordingly, increasing the IQ of cities is not an end in itself.
At the same time, it is necessary to take into account what economic or social effects they have. For example, how the introduction of CCTV cameras affects the reduction of the crime rate.
At the same time, when digitalizing cities, it is necessary to link the activities of various organizations, for example, the Ministry of Emergency Situations and the police, in order to exclude the deployment of parallel structures and effectively spend
One of the key areas for the development of Smart Cities is the digital transformation of industries. Last year, the Ministry of Digital Development issued an order that sets indicators
digital transformation of the industry of urban economy and housing and communal services. For the latter, it was very difficult to define metrics for digital maturity. Today these include: share of general meetings of owners
of apartment buildings held online, share of services paid for online, etc.
At the end of 2020, the Smart City concept was redesigned with the aim of introducing new frameworks that are more consistent with modern realities. The trend towards the transition from solutions,
aimed at satisfying individual functions, to multitasking platforms. Developers who are already ready to equip their turnkey facilities with digital technologies, including
in the field of security, lighting, education and medicine.
Director of the project office “Digital Resource Supply”, “Rusatom Infrastructure Solutions”, Igor Chernov, focused his speech on the problems of digitalization of utilities. With one
the parties, these companies are experiencing big problems due to the deterioration of networks and equipment, and on the other hand, they are under pressure from the impossibility of raising tariffs above a certain level, which reduces
opportunities for investment in infrastructure development. In addition, the industry lacks a culture of data-driven decision making.
True, with the growth of the number of private players interested in digital transformation, there are more and more, as it is both economically profitable and increases security.