The Indian launch vehicle PSLV-C51 (“LV for launching satellites into polar orbit”) with 19 satellites successfully launched today from the space center of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) on Shriharikot. At 7:54 am Moscow time, the rocket launched from the first launch pad of the Satish Dhavan Space Center.
This is India’s first space launch in 2021, and the PSLV-C51 mission is one of the longest for this launch vehicle (it will last almost two hours after launch). The key load into orbit is the 637-kilogram Brazilian satellite “Amazonia-1”. The rocket also carries 18 other satellites on board (including 13 from the United States). With this mission in mind, India has so far launched a total of 342 foreign satellites. The launch is in charge of NewSpace India, a government-owned enterprise of the Government of India and the commercial arm of ISRO. It was created on March 6, 2019.
Amazon 1 is an optical earth observation satellite of the Brazilian National Institute for Space Research (INPE). It was launched into orbit approximately 18 minutes after launch, and the remaining 18 cargoes were launched within two hours after launch. Among others, Indian media mentions a mini-satellite from Space Kidz India, which is engraved with the image of Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
Also launched three satellites UNITYsats consortium IN-SPACe from three Indian academic institutions; Indian demonstration satellite SindhuNetra and 13 satellites from USA: SAI-1 NanoConnect-2 technology demonstration satellite and 12 SpaceBees satellites for two-way satellite communications and data relay.
ISRO said Amazon 1 will strengthen existing infrastructure by providing remote sensing data to users to monitor deforestation in the Amazon region and analyze diversified agriculture throughout Brazil. “India and NIKI are immensely proud to launch in within this mission the first satellite developed and integrated by Brazil. The satellite is in very good condition. I congratulate the Brazilian team ”,– said the head of ISRO Kailasavadivoo Sivan.
Launch rehearsal of # PSLVC51 completed today. Launch scheduled at 1024 hrs IST on February 28, 2021.
– ISRO (@isro) February 25, 2021
This is the third launch of the PSLV DL rocket modification, which has two additional booster engines. This version of the rocket was first used on January 24, 2019 to launch the Microsat R satellite into orbit. PSLV is a four-stage rocket powered by solid and liquid propellants, alternately with six engines in the first stage.
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