According to an annual report by the Berlin-based Agora Energiewende and analysts from Ember, for the first time last year, EU residents received more electricity from renewable sources than from fossil fuels.
A report that has tracked the EU’s energy sector since 2015 found that renewables generated 38% of electricity last year, versus 37% from fossil fuels. This is due to the purposeful policy of the European Union to develop alternative energy sources.
Statistics report that wind and solar energy has nearly doubled since 2015, and as of last year accounted for a fifth of EU electricity generation. Also in 2020, the generation of electricity from coal has decreased by 20% – now this source provides only 13% of all electricity produced in the EU.
“Rapid growth in wind and solar power has led to a decline in coal, but this is just the beginning.Dave Jones, senior electricity analyst and primary author of the report, said in a statement.… “Europe is betting on wind and solar energy to not only eliminate coal by 2030, but also gas-fired power generation, replace nuclear power plants that are shutting down and meet the growing demand for electricity from electric vehicles, heat pumps and electrolyzers.”…
Quarantine measures against COVID-19 last year have led to a decrease in electricity demand around the world. According to the report, European demand fell by 4% in 2020, and the decline did not affect the growth of renewable energy sources. The report notes that since 2015, harmful emissions from electricity production in Europe have decreased by 29%.
Last month, EU leaders adopted an agreement to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 55% by 2030 from 1990 levels. In the United States, too, a similar process is taking place: last May, renewables provided more energy than coal for the first time since 1885.
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