Almost 54% of the world’s population (4.1 billion people) use the Internet, but it is not available everywhere without restrictions. Paul Bischoff published a map of internet censorship and
described which countries are most aggressive in dealing with torrents, pornography, social media, VPNs and free speech in the media. In his study, Paul evaluated each participant on five criteria, allocating two points each.
North Korea ranked first in the ranking of countries with the toughest Internet censorship, earning ten points out of ten. As the author noted, there is nothing in this country that could
to be censured by the iron influence of the whole Internet. All five items have restrictions and prohibitions, and political media is created by the Korean National News Agency –
the only source allowed to publish news.
Second place went to China, which scored nine points out of ten. Pornography, VPN, and Western social media are blocked, while political media are severely restricted. journalists
they work under constant threat of imprisonment, and members of the public are also not protected from such a fate for careless words. It is in China that one of the most advanced ones operates
web censorship systems in the world. The only downside is the lack of strict copyright control, so technically torrents are not completely banned, but sites with them are restricted.
Russia, Turkmenistan and Iran shared the third place with eight points out of ten. In these three countries, the political media is subject to severe censorship and consequences for some
materials can go beyond all reasonable limits. Exept this:
In Russia, torrents and VPNs are blocked, but not pornography and social media. Only the production of porn is illegal, and some sites are subject to strict controls in the form of
providing a phone number and other personal information that breaks anonymity. Paul also mentioned Russia’s plans to create a sovereign Internet, which, in his opinion, could lead to even more
a serious limitation.
Iran also blocks VPNs, leaving only the government approved ones, which makes them useless but does not completely close the torrents. Pornography is forbidden, but social media is up
To some extent available. The media is severely censured.
Turkmenistan blocks social media and porn but does not particularly control torrents and VPNs.
Belarus, Turkey, Oman, Pakistan, the United Arab Emirates and Eritrea ranked fourth, taking seven points out of ten for similar approaches to censorship. Pornography is banned everywhere, the media
also under tight control. Torrent only bans Pakistan, Eritrea fights social networks, but VPN is allowed here and there.
In addition to the above, of course, a number of restrictions are found in other countries. For example, the UK and Australia look rather offensive in terms of restrictions on
pornography, but both seek to increase control and deprive consumers of anonymity by forcing personal data such as a passport or a driver’s license. Australian
the government has decided to go further and oblige users to pass on their biometric data to them.
Currently, China, Eritrea, Turkmenistan and North Korea are the only countries to impose full and permanent blocks on social networks, but Bischoff suggests that in
The list will increase soon. For example, in India, the government plans to regulate social networks by disrupting elections through WhatsApp. The author also mentions the Russian sovereign again
the Internet, through which, in his opinion, will leave us Facebook and Twitter, as well as suffer anonymity.
The worst are the press in Turkmenistan, North Korea, Eritrea, China and Vietnam. However, the US continues to fall in the ranking of the World Media Freedom Index, which, according to Paul, directly
blame Trump for declaring the press an “enemy of the American people.”
The conclusion of this study is quite simple: we can no longer consider freedom of speech for granted, and digital privacy will continue to be at risk.
censorship on the internet