Плазменный «космический ураган» в представлении художника. Источник изображения: Zhang Qinghe

Scientists for the first time recorded a cosmic hurricane from plasma over the Earth


Scientists have discovered for the first time evidence of a plasma hurricane in the upper atmosphere of the Earth. Nobody has ever observed this phenomenon. The plasma storm occurred on August 20, 2014 in the ionosphere over the North Pole. The study of old data from meteorological satellites helped to discover it. It looks like this is a common phenomenon in the Universe that we missed.

Plasma

Plasma “space hurricane” in the artist’s view. Image source: Zhang Qinghe

According to data from meteorological satellites operated by the US Department of Defense, the plasma hurricane lasted about eight hours and covered an area with a diameter of about a thousand kilometers. The hurricane, in the form of a cloud of electrons, was exactly like its rain namesakes in the lower atmosphere: it had a center or eye with relatively slow rotation of the layers and fast outer wings that rotated at tremendous speed. It is interesting that at this time on Earth and in near space there were no natural anomalies of magnetic fields. As they say, nothing foreshadowed.

Representation of processes in a

Representation of processes in a “cosmic hurricane” from plasma. Image source: Zhang Qinghe

“Until now, there was no certainty that hurricanes with cosmic plasma existed at all, so it is incredible to prove this with the help of such an amazing observation, Says Mike Lockwood, author of the study describing the event. – Tropical storms are associated with a huge amount of energy and these space hurricanes must be caused by an unusually large and rapid transfer of energy from the solar wind and charged particles into the upper atmosphere of the Earth. “

Representation of processes in a

Representation of processes in a “cosmic hurricane” from plasma. Image source: Zhang Qinghe

Apparently, such plasma hurricanes should be frequent on Earth and other planets. Potentially, they can affect both the operation of geolocation systems and electronics on Earth, and in near space on satellites. Therefore, scientists are going to take a closer look at this phenomenon.



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