The history of domestic ICT: 90 years of Iveri Prangishvili

The history of domestic ICT: 90 years of Iveri Prangishvili

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Petr Chachin | 06/04/2020

The history of domestic ICT: 90 years of Iveri Prangishvili

June 2020 marks the 90th anniversary of the birth of Iveri Varlamovich Prangishvili (1930 – 2006), a Soviet Georgian scientist in the field of process theory and control systems, computer science and
Computer Science, Doctor of Technical Sciences (1968), Professor (1969), Academician of the Georgian Academy of Sciences (1979), General Designer of the USSR for Automated Process Control Systems for Nuclear Power Plants (1987).

Born on June 6, 1930 in the village of Didi-Dzhikhaisi, Samtred district of Georgia. In 1949 he graduated from secondary school No. 12 in Tbilisi, and in 1952, the Georgian Polytechnic Institute, specializing
“Power plants, networks and systems.” In 1952 – 1955 worked at Gruzenergo and Gidroenergoproekt.

Since 1955, the whole life of Iveri Varlamovich was associated with Institute of Automation and Telemechanics of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (IAT, now the Institute of Control Problems named after VA Trapeznikov – IPU RAS). Right away
After defending his dissertation in 1959, he became a leading engineer, then he held the positions of junior research assistant and senior research assistant.

In 1964, I.V. Prangishvili is elected by competition as head of the laboratory. In 1970, he was appointed deputy director for scientific work, and in 1987 he was approved as director of the IPU AN
USSR and the Ministry of Instrument of the USSR.

Scientific activity I.V. Prangishvili is connected with the theory of systems, systems analysis, the theory of managing large-scale systems and high-risk objects, as well as with multiprocessor
computing systems.

In the 70s and 80s, Iveri Varlamovich developed the theoretical foundations and principles for constructing a new class of high-performance multiprocessor problem-oriented control computing
systems with parallel and tunable structure.

Based on these results and under his leadership, computer systems were created PS-2000, PS-2001, PS-3000which are widely used in geophysics, hydroacoustics, processing
space information and other sectors of the economy and the creation of special equipment.

In the second half of the 80s and early 90s, Iveri Varlamovich developed the theory and principles of building fault-tolerant control systems with distributed architecture for complex and potentially
hazardous facilities such as nuclear power plants (NPPs) and other similar facilities.

In 1987, Iveri Varlamovich was appointed General Designer of the USSR for ACS TP of nuclear power plants. Under his leadership, projects of a new generation of industrial control systems for nuclear power plants were developed, in particular,
Automated Process Control Systems for NPPs in Bashkiria. Until the last day of his life, he led the work on creating a control system of the upper block level. Bushehr nuclear power plant (Iran).

Iveri Varlamovich has published more than 400 printed works, including 15 monographs, he is also the author of a scientific discovery (the so-called “background principle” of detection and recognition of moving objects,
which is widely used in radar and security devices) and more than 40 inventions. Under his scientific supervision more than 30 doctoral and master’s theses were defended. More from
materials about I.V. Prangishvili can be found on the website of the Virtual Computer Museum

history of domestic ICT

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