South Korean industry wins conflict with Japan

Источник изображения: SK Hynix


In July last year, the conflict between Japan and South Korea called into question the uninterrupted supply of hydrogen fluoride to the second country, which is necessary for the etching of microcircuits and liquid crystal panels. Even Russia offered help, but now it turns out that South Korea has chosen to support domestic producers.

Image Source: SK Hynix

As noted by the Nikkei Asian Review, South Korean giant LG Display began using gas to etch domestic-made panels since last November. Earlier, LG preferred to import highly purified gas from Japan, purchasing it from Stella Chemifa, and then diluting it at the enterprises of the Korean company SoulBrain. The gas concentration decreased by a hundred times, but this is quite enough for the technological needs of Korean industry.

The restrictions caused by the 2019 conflict were partially lifted, but South Korean manufacturers came to the appropriate conclusions and began to partially use them for etching. gas local production. It is more expensive than relying on Japanese gas and requires some restructuring of the technological chains, but the political factor has not lost its weight in making such decisions, and the pandemic has only accelerated migration.

The Japanese gas supplier for the semiconductor industry, Stella Chemifa, reduced revenue by 18% in the last fiscal year. High purity gas supplies decreased by 30%. The competing company Morita Chemical Industries resumed raw material exports to South Korea in January, but shipments also fell by 30%. Many customers in South Korea have switched to local raw materials. Supported the course on import substitution and the company Samsung Electronics. The local government has proposed the American chemical giant Dupont to build a plant in South Korea, attracting it with tax benefits. And those Korean customers who have retained contracts with Japanese suppliers now have reason to agree to lower prices.

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The global market for push-button phones collapsed in the first quarter

The global market for push-button phones collapsed in the first quarter


The demand for push-button cell phones on a global scale in the first quarter of this year immediately decreased by 12% compared with the same period in 2019. Such data leads the analytical company Counterpoint Technology Market Research.

Over a three-month period, 83.5 million mobile phones were shipped worldwide. For comparison: a year earlier, deliveries were approximately 95.0 million units, and in the fourth quarter of 2019, 105.5 million devices were sold.

The global market leader is the Transsion Group, which owns brands such as iTel Mobile, Tecno Mobile and Infinix Mobile. According to the results of the last quarter, the Transsion Group accounted for more than 30% of the total volume of shipped push-button phones.

In second place is HMD Global, which manufactures devices under the Nokia brand: this company holds about 15% of the global market. At the same time, HMD Global leads Europe with a 19% share.

In North America, Alcatel is the undisputed leader, holding 68% of the keypad segment.

The market as a whole has seriously contracted due to the pandemic: the spread of coronavirus has hit the retail sales of cell phones.

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Tesla is not going to trim the dimensions of the Cybertruck pickup truck

Tesla is not going to trim the dimensions of the Cybertruck pickup truck


The head of Tesla, Elon Musk, announced that the dimensions of the serial version of the Cybertruck electric pickup will almost completely correspond to the dimensions of the prototype demonstrated.

Recall that the debut of Cybertruck took place in November last year. The car received an angular design, which many observers considered controversial. Three versions are available for order – with one, two and three electric motors. Price starts at $ 39,900.

As Mr. Musk noted, reducing the size of Cybertruck to even 3% of current values ​​would be excessive. Therefore, the car for the most part will retain the dimensions of the pre-production sample. At the same time, the head of Tesla does not exclude the possibility that in the future a more compact pickup will appear in the company’s assortment.

Note that in its current form, the electric pickup has dimensions 5885 × 2083 × 1905 mm, and the wheelbase is 3807 mm. The power reserve on one recharge of the battery pack, depending on the configuration, varies from 400 to 800 km. Acceleration from 0 to 100 km / h top version requires only about 2.9 s.

Serial production of the Cybertruck electric car will be organized next year.

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The Russian orbital constellation has nearly 170 satellites

Фотографии Роскосмоса


Roscosmos State Corporation, according to RIA Novosti, has revealed recent data on the number of Russian satellites in orbit. It is reported that over the past five months, the domestic space group has replenished with six vehicles.

Photos of Roscosmos

Photos of Roscosmos

At the end of 2018, as noted, the Russian orbital constellation totaled 156 satellites. A year later, this figure rose to 163 devices. And now it has become known that 169 Russian satellites are operating in orbit. Of these, 103 were produced at the enterprises of the company “Information Satellite Systems” named after academician M. F. Reshetnyov. “

In the coming years, the development of the domestic orbital group will continue. In particular, the number of Earth remote sensing satellites (ERS) will increase by more than one and a half times: the number of such devices will increase from 12 to 20.

In addition, it is planned to update the grouping of the GLONASS positioning system. The implementation of the large-scale Sphere project to form a global communications system, which will include more than 600 satellites, is also being prepared.

We add that yesterday, on May 22, 2020, from the Plesetsk State Testing Cosmodrome in the Arkhangelsk Region, the Soyuz-2.1b launch vehicle with a satellite was successfully launched in the interests of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

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Institutional investors continued to buy AMD stocks even during the pandemic

Источник изображения: AMD


Any crisis is considered the time of opportunity. The main thing is to decide who and what opportunities can be implemented. Stock market players use this time to search for assets that can be bought at a reduced price, and then receive income from their exchange rate growth. AMD’s stock has become just such an asset for many investors.

Image Source: AMD

Image Source: AMD

A study on this topic was published by Business Quant on the pages of Seeking Alpha. The 13F cycle, which lasted from January to March, revealed that the number of investors who bought AMD shares during the period exceeded the number of those securities sold. 484 institutional investors increased their portfolios, and 413 investors decreased. In total, investors bought 1.3% of all AMD shares in free float. In February and March, AMD’s stock price fell by about 35%, which allowed those who wish to make long-term investments at more attractive prices.

Dynamics of changes in AMD revenue. Image Source: Business Quant

Dynamics of changes in AMD revenue. Image Source: Business Quant

During periods of economic instability, stock market participants prefer to invest in reliable assets, so a steady interest in AMD shares indicates investor confidence in the future of this company. She is ready to strengthen her position in the notebook segment, the release of new server and desktop processors, as well as gaming graphics cards and accelerators for server systems, is scheduled for the second half of the year. Finally, Sony PlayStation 5 and Microsoft Xbox Series X game consoles are on the verge of a new life cycle. Unlike many competitors, AMD is not afraid to make forecasts for revenue growth for the entire calendar year.



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Britain plans to abandon Huawei equipment in its 5G networks

Alex Castro / The Verge


After months of pressure from the United States, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson seems ready to completely ban the use of Huawei equipment in British 5G networks, the Financial Times reported. Citing national security concerns, members of the British Conservative Party insist that Huawei technology be excluded from the 5G infrastructure and the rest of the country’s telecommunications networks by 2023.

Alex Castro / The Verge

The administration of Donald Trump (Donald Trump) has long banned the government from using Huawei technology, and in May last year, the US president signed a decree banning US companies from buying foreign-made telecommunications equipment that could pose a threat to the national security of the United States. The order does not single out a single company, but is seen as a way to close the US market for Chinese companies like ZTE and Huawei. Last week, the ban was extended until May 2021.

The U.S. claims that Huawei could embed special vulnerabilities in its network infrastructure to help spy on the Chinese government. Huawei has repeatedly denied this charge, but gradually the sanctions against the Chinese telecommunications giant are only intensifying.

Reuters

Donald Trump has reportedly called Boris Johnson earlier this year to encourage Britain to abandon Huawei equipment. One of the members of the US Congress also said that the country was going to reduce its cooperation with the United Kingdom in the field of intelligence sharing, if the latter did not abandon Chinese telecommunications solutions.

Boris Johnson had previously banned the use of Huawei equipment in key and most vulnerable parts of 5G networks in the UK. In January, he emphasized that the country does not have many other options for deploying 5G infrastructure. And the operator Vodafone said that removing Huawei equipment from its networks would be an extremely expensive task. But the arguments of the United States, obviously, were more significant.

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Newport Convertible Engineering engineers make convertible from Tesla Model 3

Newport Convertible Engineering engineers make convertible from Tesla Model 3


Tesla does not release Model 3 electric convertibles. However, this does not mean that with a sufficient budget, you cannot turn a popular sedan into a convertible. That’s exactly what the engineers of Newport Convertible Engineering believe, who in 2014 made a convertible from Model S, and this time professionally remade Model 3.

The published photos show that the redesigned Model 3 lost its rear window and a rigid roof, which was replaced by a foldable one. The central pillars remained in place, between which there was a crossbar that added rigidity to the roof and is a protection in case the car rolls over. In addition, Model 3 racks are equipped with several sensors that enable autopilot operation. If enthusiasts removed the racks, then Model 3 would lose one of its main functions.

The authors of the project are ready to turn Model 3 into a convertible with a soft roof that needs to be folded manually for $ 30 thousand. If the client wants to get a roof that can be automatically folded, the cost of work will increase to $ 40 thousand, and this does not take into account the price of Model 3 itself. Work on one electric car takes 2-3 months. During this time, specialists will not only cut the roof, but also strengthen the body and trim the electric car so that no defects are visible after a design change.

Most likely, most people will not be interested in such a modification, if only because it is expensive. However, there are few convertibles on the electric car market, and even the Tesla Model 3 in this design can even become something extremely rare on the road.

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as usual, “fly” in Moscow

Конфигурация комплекса для имитайии длительного полёта в космос в эксперименте «Сириус»


On NASA’s website, an announcement was announced about recruiting a crew of six for a long-term simulation of a space flight to the moon and Mars. The eight-month experiment will be conducted in a well-studied place by NASA – in the Moscow complex of the Institute of Biomedical Problems (IMBP) of the Russian Academy of Sciences, which has repeatedly become the site for such experiments.

The configuration of the complex for simulating a long flight into space in the Sirius experiment

Complex configuration for simulating a long space flight in the Sirius experiment

It’s a joke that Moscow is almost Mars for American citizens, but NASA’s interest is that the IBMP RAS complex is a well-equipped platform for its purposes, which, moreover, will cost less than rented space in the United States, including specialist fees. In this, by the way, there is a small problem. Participants of the experiment without fail, in addition to knowledge of oral and written English, must have the skills of oral and written Russian.

Another limitation is that crew candidates must be US citizens. Age qualification: not younger than 30 and not older than 55 years. Since the crew will have to carry out technical work and scientific experiments during the flight simulation, applicants for this work must either be officers or have a master’s degree, medical degree or Ph.D. But there may be exceptions, for example, candidates who have a bachelor’s degree in combination with “Other specific requirements”which may include things like military service or other types of education.

The exterior of the complex

The exterior of the complex

The NASA announcement said: “The study will be conducted to examine the effects of isolation. The results of such ground-based missions help NASA prepare for the real challenges of space exploration and provide important scientific data to solve some of these problems and develop countermeasures. ”

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Presents robotic white blood cells for targeted drug delivery

Микроботы спешат на помощь


A month ago, from boredom or ignorance, there was a wave of fear of nanodevices implanted in the human body. Meanwhile, controlled or automatically moving in the human body nanobots could help with the delivery of drugs to the site of the disease. For example, this is relevant for the treatment of cancer, when drugs successfully kill not only cancer cells, but also the patient’s body. Over time, this will become possible, and it will save lives.

Microbots rush to the rescue

Microbots rush to the rescue

Researchers at the Max Planck Institute have proposed robotic white blood cells that can move and deliver medicine through blood vessels even against blood flow. The developers claim that they created the first such solutions. Small robotic spheres with a diameter of less than 8 microns can move in blood vessels in any direction at a speed of up to 600 microns / s, which corresponds to the movement of each of them in one second by 76 diameters.

An external rotating electromagnetic field is responsible for the movement of the spheres through the blood vessels. The direction of rotation of the field controls the direction of rotation of the microspheres in the human body. Changing it, scientists set the direction of motion for the microspheres. The process of moving microspheres is based on the laws of hydrodynamics. The difference between the blood flows in the middle of the vessels and near the walls allows the rotating microspheres to translate up or down the vessels.

The microsphere itself is made of silicon oxide. In fact, made of glass. To interact with the electromagnetic field, one half of the sphere is coated with gold and nickel. Is the second half of the sphere coated with an antibody specific for a particular disease? and contains the medicine in a bound form. When microspheres reach the site of the disease, antibodies in their half automatically adhere to diseased cells and hold the microsphere in place. Scientists can only send a signal to enter the medicine, which can be done using ultraviolet radiation. Irradiating the sore spot and the accumulation of “anchored” microspheres with ultraviolet light destroys the drug-binding substance, and it is delivered to the treatment site.

Microsphere images and principle of action (Science Robotics)

Microsphere images and principle of action (Science Robotics)

The research team sees a lot of work ahead of itself to bring the invention to practical implementation. But scientists hope that their methodology will eventually allow to treat a number of serious diseases without surgical intervention. We add the article on the work done can be found at this link in the journal Science Robotics.

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IPhone sales in China continue to grow after coronavirus pandemic

IPhone sales in China continue to grow after coronavirus pandemic


According to network sources, Apple’s sales in China continued to rise in April. This is partly due to the launch of the more affordable iPhone SE, as well as the gradual opening of stores in the country, whose work was suspended due to the coronavirus pandemic.

A sharp decline in sales was recorded at the beginning of the year, when strict quarantine measures were introduced in China. Now, analysts predict a fairly positive dynamics of Apple’s sales growth, as the country is gradually recovering from the epidemic. According to reports, iPhone sales in China fell 60% year on year in February 2020. Apple was forced to close all stores for several weeks, whose work began to resume only in mid-March.

According to CINNO Research, in April this year Apple sold 3.9 million iPhones in China, which is 160% more than in March, when it managed to sell only 1.5 million smartphones. Data from the IDC research company suggests that in April Apple sold about 3 million iPhones in the Middle Kingdom, which is about 30% more than the previous month. It is worth noting that in this case, the sale refers to the number of smartphones that Apple sold to its retail partners.

Apple sells its products in China through several official retailers, one of which is the Almaba-owned Tmall platform. Revenues from the sale of all categories of Apple products through Tmall in April grew by 40% compared to the previous month and amounted to $ 127.6 million. At the same time, revenue from iPhone sales increased by 33% to $ 80 million.

Apple released the iPhone SE (2020) in mid-April, the same month the smartphone went on sale in China. According to CINNO Research, this model accounts for 24% of the total number of iPhones sold in April. According to IDC estimates, the share of iPhone SE (2020) in the reporting period was only 8% of the total number of smartphones delivered.

Analytical data show that, on the whole, a favorable situation has developed in China so that Apple’s business continues to grow.

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