Samsung will buy OLED displays from LG despite competition

Samsung will buy OLED displays from LG despite competition


MarketBusiness

Anna Savelyeva | 04/09/2021

Samsung will buy OLED displays from LG despite competition

The company wants to switch from LCD panels to OLED, but making its own screens is problematic and buying from the Chinese is expensive.

In the second half of 2021, the South Korean company is going to purchase at least 1 million OLED panels from LG. In 2022, the volume of purchases will grow to 4 million, which is about half of the current
capacities of LG. The agreement has already been signed, it remains only to discuss the working details. Note that this is the first partnership between companies of this kind.

Last year Samsung announced plans to switch from LCD panels to QD-OLED due to falling demand for the previous type of screens, as well as market oversaturation. The new screens should have significantly
improve image quality, make products more resistant to fading and extend product life. The company announced an investment of approximately $ 11 billion to modernize its factories, however
while own production remains quite problematic.

At the same time, according to analysts, Samsung was not satisfied with the 74% rise in prices for LCD panels from Chinese manufacturers. In the second quarter, market participants expect another rise of 10%, which is only
will aggravate the situation.

Samsung Displays



internal structure of the Microsoft Surface Neo dual-screen tablet

(The Verge)


Enthusiast Calyx Hikari managed to get his hands on a prototype Surface Neo tablet with two screens, which Microsoft unveiled in October 2019, but never released to the market. The device was supposed to run Windows 10X and complement the Surface Duo smartphone. The latter was delayed for a year, but the fate of the larger companion remains unknown.

(The Verge)

However, until now Microsoft has assured that the device was simply postponed and not canceled. Microsoft’s head of hardware solutions Panos Panay said at the time: Neo delayed. I want to get the timing right to launch this product with the right environment. We believe in this concept, format and size. This will be a great addition to Duo. with windowsand I am very happy about that. This is a product that is close and dear to me “… Now, a year later, with Windows 10X being retargeted for laptops rather than tablets, you can hardly expect the device to go on sale anytime soon.

(The Verge)

Unfortunately, the prototype captured in the short video of Kalix Hikari does not have both screens, and therefore it will not be possible to see the tablet in operation. But you can evaluate the placement of the various components. Unlike the Surface Duo, the clamshell tablet only has one USB-C port and no fingerprint reader. A battery is installed in each of the doors: in the left one it has a capacity of 1260 mAh, and in the right one – 2270 mAh.

This video continues to inspire hope for the appearance of the original device, albeit in the distant future. According to unofficial reports, Microsoft will only allow full use of dual-screen capabilities in Windows 10X in 2022 – perhaps then the company will make another attempt to bring its innovative vision to life.

If you notice an error, select it with the mouse and press CTRL + ENTER.

Russian AI developers will be supported by a ruble from the budget

Источник изображения: Александр Казаков / Коммерсантъ


According to Kommersant, the Ministry of Industry and Trade has prepared a draft government decree on the provision of subsidies on a competitive basis to Russian developers of systems based on artificial intelligence. According to market participants, the new mechanism will become more transparent than the allocation of funds through government contracts.

Image source: Alexander Kazakov / Kommersant

Image source: Alexander Kazakov / Kommersant

According to the project, the winners of the competition will be able to receive up to 3 billion rubles from the budget for the project. The amount will be allocated in the amount of no more than 500 million rubles per year for six years. At the same time, the recipient of the subsidy undertakes to implement the development in an amount more than twice the amount of the subsidy received.

Developers will be required to create competitive niche AICs (hardware and software systems) for AI in such areas as medicine, image and speech recognition, the creation of security systems and other promising areas.

According to preliminary information, about 1.5 billion rubles can be allocated for this program in 2021. The recipient – a company or organization registered in Russia that has existed for at least three years or one that is included in the list of strategic enterprises or is a subsidiary of such an organization – is also obliged to invest in a subsidized project its own funds in the amount of at least 30% of the project cost.

The source notes that the list of backbone enterprises includes at least 30 companies, including the Avtomatika, Sozvezdie, and Shvabe holdings controlled by Rostec, as well as the microprocessor developer Baikal Electronics, Elvis Scientific and Technical Center, and Modul “. It is the latter who will mainly benefit from the implementation of the new approach.

It is also expected that the new document will bring more clarity on the issues of developer responsibility. For example, last year, the Ministry of Industry and Trade was unable to collect a penalty from Baikal Electronics through the court for delaying the release of the Baikal-M processor. This should be agreed in advance. More details on the Kommersant website.

If you notice an error, select it with the mouse and press CTRL + ENTER.

Video of the first trips in the Boring Company tunnels near Las Vegas: slow and boring

В петле под Лас-Вегасом. Источник изображения:


The other day, the Boring Company of Ilona Mask, which began to lay high-speed underground highways near Las Vegas, invited journalists for a test drive of the first route. According to the participants in the process, everything turned out to be boring and not at all as stated before the start of work.

In the loop outside Las Vegas. Image source:

In the loop outside Las Vegas. Image source: electrek.co

The Boring Company has formally completed the first 1.5 mile (2.4 km) underground (loop) track under the LVCC in Las Vegas. The cost of the project was $ 50 million, but there is already a plan to extend the underground tunnel system over much greater distances, including a route to the airport, which is located quite far from the city center. True, the first impressions of the journalists about the work of the Boring Company underground transport highway turned out to be ambiguous.

Let’s start with the fact that there were no autopilots in the vehicles of the transport network. EVs were driven by live drivers, although in a one-lane and one-way tunnel, autonomous driving shouldn’t be an issue. The company explained this by the fact that the process of disembarking a passenger at a specific place is very difficult, even with a live driver.

Also, the first passengers were disappointed with the speed of transport. Instead of the promised 120 mph (about 200 km / h), the electric cars barely hit 35 mph (56 km / h). In general, the general opinion of those who attended the event was consonant with the second meaning of the English word “boring” – boring. Hopefully this is just the beginning, and Boring Company just hasn’t had time to turn around yet, especially at such a short distance.

If you notice an error, select it with the mouse and press CTRL + ENTER.

Americans promise to create an affordable commercial fusion reactor by 2030

Прототип термоядерного реактора компании TAE Technologies. Источник изображения: TAE Technologies


Founded in the US in 1998, TAE Technologies (formerly Tri Alpha Energy) promises to revolutionize energy production. The company is experimenting with an unusual fusion reactor that looks simpler and cheaper than classic tokamaks and stellators. Moreover, it will happen pretty soon – in about nine years, which sounds like fantasy.

A prototype of a thermonuclear reactor from TAE Technologies. Image source: TAE Technologies

A prototype of a thermonuclear reactor from TAE Technologies. Image source: TAE Technologies

Unlike bulky tokamaks, the TAE fusion reactor is up to 30 meters long and about seven meters wide. Compared to the ITER reactor, it is just a dwarf weighing only 27 tons against the 60-meter ITER tokamak weighing 23 thousand tons. The company has already built and is testing a prototype reactor that is showing promising results and is preparing to build a new prototype close to a commercial facility.

Unfortunately, the developer does not provide accurate data on the operation of the reactor prototype. Plasma is said to ignite for a “long enough” time, and new experiments show that plasma heating in the reactor has reached the stage of self-sustaining reaction, hinting at the emergence of a commercial installation around 2030.

According to the source, the plasma in the TAE reactor is heated to 50 million ° C. For comparison, a South Korean tokamak heats plasma to 100 million ° C and holds it in this state for 20 seconds. The newest Chinese tokamak will be able to heat plasma up to 150 million ° C, but it will be able to hold it for up to 10 seconds.

Since the TAE fusion reactor has a different design, it may not need to maintain a similar plasma temperature. Plasma heating up to 50 million ° C is still three times more than inside our Sun. In other words, this should be enough for thermonuclear fusion.

The TAE reactor uses a hydrogen-boron fuel cycle for fusion, although it can also run on fuel made from hydrogen isotopes such as deuterium-tritium. Plasma in the TAE reactor is heated in a closed cycle by a particle beam from an accelerator, similar to how medical radiation therapy units work. The ignited plasma is confined by the reversed field without contacting the walls of the reactor.

On Thursday, TAE held another round of fundraising to improve the project and build a new prototype. In total, the company raised $ 880 million. Google, Charles Schwab, Kuwait Investment Office and others entrusted their money to it. According to unofficial estimates, the market value of the startup has exceeded $ 2.5 billion.

If you notice an error, select it with the mouse and press CTRL + ENTER.

65 years of Alexander Ponyatov’s VCR

History of domestic ICT: 65 years of Alexander Ponyatov


MarketTechnology

Peter Chachin | 04/10/2021

History of domestic ICT: 65 years of Alexander Ponyatov's VCR

April 14 marks the 65th anniversary of the day (1956) when the Ampex company, created by the Russian and American engineer Alexander Ponyatov (1892 – 1980), demonstrated the world’s first commercial VR-1000 video recorder in Chicago. Soon, the first recorded TV programs went on air in the United States …

April 14 marks 65 years since the day (1956) when the Ampex company, created by the Russian and American engineer Alexander Ponyatov (1892 – 1980), demonstrated in Chicago the first in the world
commercial video recorder VR-1000. Soon, the first recorded TV programs went on air in the United States. In less than six months, the device was used in all the leading television studios in the United States. IN
In 1961, Ampex and its head Ponyatov received an Oscar for their contribution to this technology.

Alexander Matveevich Ponyatov was born on March 25, 1892 in the village Russian Aisha of Kazan province in the family of a merchant of the first guild. After graduating from the First real school in Kazan A.M.
Ponyatov in 1909-1910 studied at
Imperial Kazan University at the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics.

img

Then, due to his passion for aviation, he was transferred to Imperial Moscow Technical School (MVTU) Fearing harassment by the authorities for participating in student
gatherings in Moscow, A.M. Poniatov moves to the city to study Karlsruhewhere he was educated in Higher Technical School… To study in Germany, he left with the recommendations of Professor N.E.
Zhukovsky.

In 1913, he returned to Russia and was drafted into military service, graduated from a pilot school, a participant in the First World War. During the Civil War in 1918 – 1920 A.M. Poniatov served in the rank
lieutenant in the White Army, after the defeat of which he emigrated first to China, and then to France and the United States.

In 1932, he received American citizenship. First time worked in the company General Electricthen went to Pacific Gas and Electric, then – to the firm Dalmo-Victor
Westinghouse
developing electrical equipment for aircraft.

A.M. Ponyatov also experimented with electronics in his garage and in 1944 he founded his own company. Ampex… She made electromechanical devices for precise tracking
drive radar antennas.

After the war, the activities of the company were reoriented to the development of magnetic sound recording devices. In 1947, a prototype Model 200A audio recorder was created and demonstrated in Hollywood.
Further, the company produces a number of successful models of tape recorders: Model 300 (1949); Model 400 (low cost, 1950) and Model 600 (portable device, 1954).

In 1951, Poniatov began to develop a video recording device using the principle of transverse line recording with rotating heads. This method made it possible to combine high speed
movement of the magnetic head relative to the tape, necessary to record a TV signal bandwidth of several MHz with a low speed of movement of the tape itself, acceptable for continuous recording on
one roll.

In April 1956, Ampex demonstrated the first VR-1000 commercial videotape recorder at the NAB convention in Chicago.
using a magnetic tape of the Q format for recording a video signal.This product was an overwhelming success, and the company headed by Ponyatov for a long time was the world’s leading manufacturer
video tape equipment.

The VCR turned out to be only part of a large technological pyramid that Ampex had to create. To do this, it was necessary to develop a completely new video tape – thin, durable,
capable of interacting with a video head, the temperature of which at the point of contact with the magnetic tape reaches several hundred degrees.

At the same time, in the mechanics of the product, it was required to achieve micron accuracy, and in electronics – the use of new methods of signal processing. As a result, the video recorder actually turned out to be the most
complex serial radio-technical device of that time.

In 1959, the VRX-1000 video recorder was demonstrated at the American exhibition in Moscow. At this exhibition, N.S. Khrushchev was presented with a tape recording of his meeting with US Vice President Richard
Nixon, but in those days in the USSR there was simply nothing to see it. Therefore, the recording was simply sent to the archives of the All-Union Scientific Research Institute of Sound Recording (now VNIITR).

And later she came there and a package from Ampex with a photocopy of the diagrams and a full technical description of the VCR. Soon in the Soviet Union, the serial production of video recorders was launched.
“Frame-1”, made on the basis of American documentation. More information about the work of domestic radio engineers can be found on the website of the Virtual Computer Museum.

History of domestic ICT DVRs

Magazine: IT-News Magazine, Magazine Subscription



Introduced a webcam that eerily resembles a real human eye

Introduced a webcam that eerily resembles a real human eye


Many digital “eyes” and “ears” observe us in our daily life. Cameras watch us on the streets, and smart speakers listen to us at home. Researcher Mark Teyssier seems to have taken the term “digital eye” too literally and created what is arguably the world’s weirdest webcam called the Eyecam.

The device, quite accurately repeating the appearance of the part of the head around the eye and the eye itself, is capable of blinking, expressing emotions with facial expressions, and even following the user with a glance. In general, it looks quite interesting, albeit creepy. This project is part of a study by the Laboratory of Human-Computer Interaction at the University of Saarland. She is researching a number of interesting questions, including how a user’s interaction with devices and their behavior would change if they were more human. What would be different if observing us became more tangible and obvious?

Note that for enthusiasts looking to replicate an unusual device, Teissier has published the Eyecam design and software on Github. Detailed instructions for creating a device are published on the researcher’s website. It also contains descriptions of other strange things, such as a phone with a moving finger and a case covered in faux flesh.

If you notice an error, select it with the mouse and press CTRL + ENTER.

NASA’s annual budget will increase to almost $ 25 billion – the money will go to the lunar program and other research

NASA/GSFC


The administration of US President Joe Biden has released the country’s preliminary budget for fiscal 2022, which gives an idea of ​​its priorities. More money can be allocated for space exploration than before.

NASA / GSFC

The 55-page budget document, released on 9 April, provides general information only, and a full proposal for object of expenditure is expected to be prepared later this spring.

The budget assumes the allocation of $ 24.7 billion for the programs of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), which is $ 1.5 billion or 6.3% more than in 2021.

Perhaps most notable in it is the proposed $ 6.9 billion for the Artemis Moon Landing Program, which, the document notes, is $ 325 million more than the US Congress allocated for this program this year. The space agency said the amount allocated includes the costs of preparing for the landing of the first woman and the first non-white astronaut on the moon in the next few years, as well as the development of the Space Launch System, the Orion spacecraft and the Gateway lunar orbiting station.

The preliminary budget also includes funding for the continuation of the Mars exploration mission, including a program to return samples from the Red Planet to Earth, and the allocation of $ 3 billion to continue research on the International Space Station.

The budget also includes:

  • Funding for the Nancy Grace Rome Space Telescope.
  • Funding for the Clipper mission to study Jupiter’s moon Europa, and the Dragonfly mission to study Saturn’s largest moon, Titan.
  • A commitment of $ 1.4 billion to research and development in space and aviation technologies, with a focus on greener and more efficient technologies.

NASA will also receive $ 2.3 billion in Earth science programs to better understand how our planet functions and predict the impact of climate change.

If you notice an error, select it with the mouse and press CTRL + ENTER.

satellites OneWeb and SpaceX almost collided

Спутники Starlink в ночном небе (Patrick Pleul


Two satellites from the fast-growing constellations OneWeb and SpaceX Starlink dodged dangerous convergence with each other in orbit over the weekend, according to representatives of the US Space Force and OneWeb. This is the first known collision avoidance event between two rival companies seeking to create new space broadband networks.

Starlink satellites in the night sky (Patrick Pleul | picture alliance | Getty Images)

Starlink satellites in the night sky (Patrick Pleul | picture alliance | Getty Images)

On March 30, five days after OneWeb launched its next batch of 36 satellites with the help of the Russian Soyuz-2.1b rocket, the company received several “red warnings” from the 18th space control squadron of the US space forces about a possible collision with satellite Starlink. Since the operating altitude of the OneWeb constellation is much higher (about 1200 km from the Earth’s surface), during the launch, the vehicles must pass through the SpaceX Starlink satellite network, which rotate at an altitude of about 550 km.

One warning from the US Space Force pointed to a 1.3% chance of collision, with two satellites approaching 60 meters – dangerously close by the standards of satellites in orbit. If a collision occurs, it could cause disaster: hundreds of debris could damage the following satellites.

A batch of 60 250-kg Starlink Internet satellites (SpaceX)

A batch of 60 250-kg Starlink Internet satellites (SpaceX)

Currently, there is no national or global body that would compel satellite operators to take action in the event of predicted collisions. Following urgent warnings from the U.S. Space Force, the OneWeb and SpaceX Starlink teams had to coordinate satellite maneuvers via email.

In coordination with OneWeb, SpaceX turned off its AI-powered automated collision avoidance system and allowed OneWeb to remove its satellite from the route, OneWeb spokesman Chris McLaughlin said. It was unclear exactly why SpaceX decided to shut down the system – the company is not commenting on this story.

36 ready-to-launch OneWeb satellites (left) and 60 – SpaceX Starlink (OneWeb | SpaceX)

SpaceX’s automated collision avoidance system has previously raised concerns with other satellite operators, who say they have no way of knowing which way the system will move the Starlink satellite in the event of a close encounter. “The problem is in the coordination of actions– says Mr. McLaughlin. – It is not enough to say, “I have an automated system,” because the other party may not have such a system and will not understand what yours is trying to do. “

SpaceX has roughly 1,370 Starlink satellites in orbit and is preparing to launch thousands more, possibly tens of thousands in the future. So far, OneWeb has launched 146 satellites out of approximately 650 that it has planned for a similar global network operating in higher orbits. Jeff Bezos’ Amazon has pledged to join the race and plans to launch more than 3,000 satellites into low Earth orbit. China is also hatching such plans.

One of the satellites of the SpaceX Starlink constellation in orbit around the Earth (SpaceX)

One of the satellites of the SpaceX Starlink constellation in orbit around the Earth (SpaceX)

“This event was a good example of how satellite operators need to be held accountable given the constraints of global best practices, – said the representative of the US Space Force Diana McKissock (Diana McKissock). – They shared their data with each other, contacted, and, I think, in the absence of any global regulation … it was the art of the possible “

By the way, in September 2019, the European Space Agency (ESA) had to use an evasive maneuver on one of its spaceships at the last minute to avoid a possible collision with the Starlink satellite. The collision probability was 1 in 1000. This may seem like a minor threat, but NASA usually sends ships to the ISS with a collision probability of 1 in 100,000. ESA said it had to relocate its satellite because SpaceX did not have an action plan. SpaceX explained that it missed ESA’s emails about this issue due to a “bug” in its communications systems. Overall, it looks like such dangers will become the norm.

The working satellites have thrusters, but some of them fail and cannot be controlled from Earth. They gradually decrease and burn up in the atmosphere, but, while in orbit, they simply turn into a piece of space debris rotating at a tremendous speed. And if there are thousands of them, it may complicate the launch and exploration of outer space in the future.

One of the satellites of the OneWeb constellation in orbit around the Earth (OneWeb)

One of the satellites of the OneWeb constellation in orbit around the Earth (OneWeb)

If you notice an error, select it with the mouse and press CTRL + ENTER.

Users on average began to spend more than 4 hours a day in mobile applications

Users on average began to spend more than 4 hours a day in mobile applications


The coronavirus pandemic has forced many people to stay at home and has slowed down the pace of life in general. Against this background, users began to spend more time in mobile applications. Over the past two years, the average use time of applications has grown by 30%, and now stands at 4.2 hours per day.

In the first quarter of 2021, in the United States, Turkey, Mexico and India, the daily time spent by users in the app exceeded four hours for the first time. In Brazil, South Korea and Indonesia, people spend on average more than five hours with a smartphone in their hands. The biggest surge was in India, where residents spent 80% more time in apps in the first quarter of this year than two years earlier.

The most popular apps remain TikTok, YouTube, and Facebook. However, judging by the number of app downloads from stores, there has been a recent rise in popularity of the Signal and Telegram messengers, which are known as some of the safest on the market. It is noteworthy that investment and trading applications are gaining popularity. The growing interest in cryptocurrencies has increased the demand for services such as Coinbase, Binance, and Upbit and Kiwoom Securities Hero S in South Korea. All of these applications allow users to trade cryptocurrency.

In Japan, another type of financial product is in the lead. In the Land of the Rising Sun, PayPay has become the most popular application, which allows users to generate QR codes to make payments. Curiously, the list of the most popular apps in China is very different from the preferences of the rest of the world. Among the inhabitants of the Middle Kingdom, the highest demand is for applications in which the emphasis is on video editing and sharing. We are talking about TikTok, Kwai, CapCut and IQIYI.

As for mobile games, casual games have become the most popular. One of the most successful products this quarter was High Heels, created by Istanbul-based Rollic. In it, the character increases the height of his heels, which helps him overcome obstacles. This game became the most popular in the USA and Great Britain, and in Russia it got the sixth line of the rating. Other hits include Project Makeover, DOP 2: Delete One Part, which has become the most popular in Russia, and Phone Case DIY.

If you notice an error, select it with the mouse and press CTRL + ENTER.