65 years of Alexander Ponyatov’s VCR

History of domestic ICT: 65 years of Alexander Ponyatov


MarketTechnology

Peter Chachin | 04/10/2021

History of domestic ICT: 65 years of Alexander Ponyatov's VCR

April 14 marks the 65th anniversary of the day (1956) when the Ampex company, created by the Russian and American engineer Alexander Ponyatov (1892 – 1980), demonstrated the world’s first commercial VR-1000 video recorder in Chicago. Soon, the first recorded TV programs went on air in the United States …

April 14 marks 65 years since the day (1956) when the Ampex company, created by the Russian and American engineer Alexander Ponyatov (1892 – 1980), demonstrated in Chicago the first in the world
commercial video recorder VR-1000. Soon, the first recorded TV programs went on air in the United States. In less than six months, the device was used in all the leading television studios in the United States. IN
In 1961, Ampex and its head Ponyatov received an Oscar for their contribution to this technology.

Alexander Matveevich Ponyatov was born on March 25, 1892 in the village Russian Aisha of Kazan province in the family of a merchant of the first guild. After graduating from the First real school in Kazan A.M.
Ponyatov in 1909-1910 studied at
Imperial Kazan University at the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics.

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Then, due to his passion for aviation, he was transferred to Imperial Moscow Technical School (MVTU) Fearing harassment by the authorities for participating in student
gatherings in Moscow, A.M. Poniatov moves to the city to study Karlsruhewhere he was educated in Higher Technical School… To study in Germany, he left with the recommendations of Professor N.E.
Zhukovsky.

In 1913, he returned to Russia and was drafted into military service, graduated from a pilot school, a participant in the First World War. During the Civil War in 1918 – 1920 A.M. Poniatov served in the rank
lieutenant in the White Army, after the defeat of which he emigrated first to China, and then to France and the United States.

In 1932, he received American citizenship. First time worked in the company General Electricthen went to Pacific Gas and Electric, then – to the firm Dalmo-Victor
Westinghouse
developing electrical equipment for aircraft.

A.M. Ponyatov also experimented with electronics in his garage and in 1944 he founded his own company. Ampex… She made electromechanical devices for precise tracking
drive radar antennas.

After the war, the activities of the company were reoriented to the development of magnetic sound recording devices. In 1947, a prototype Model 200A audio recorder was created and demonstrated in Hollywood.
Further, the company produces a number of successful models of tape recorders: Model 300 (1949); Model 400 (low cost, 1950) and Model 600 (portable device, 1954).

In 1951, Poniatov began to develop a video recording device using the principle of transverse line recording with rotating heads. This method made it possible to combine high speed
movement of the magnetic head relative to the tape, necessary to record a TV signal bandwidth of several MHz with a low speed of movement of the tape itself, acceptable for continuous recording on
one roll.

In April 1956, Ampex demonstrated the first VR-1000 commercial videotape recorder at the NAB convention in Chicago.
using a magnetic tape of the Q format for recording a video signal.This product was an overwhelming success, and the company headed by Ponyatov for a long time was the world’s leading manufacturer
video tape equipment.

The VCR turned out to be only part of a large technological pyramid that Ampex had to create. To do this, it was necessary to develop a completely new video tape – thin, durable,
capable of interacting with a video head, the temperature of which at the point of contact with the magnetic tape reaches several hundred degrees.

At the same time, in the mechanics of the product, it was required to achieve micron accuracy, and in electronics – the use of new methods of signal processing. As a result, the video recorder actually turned out to be the most
complex serial radio-technical device of that time.

In 1959, the VRX-1000 video recorder was demonstrated at the American exhibition in Moscow. At this exhibition, N.S. Khrushchev was presented with a tape recording of his meeting with US Vice President Richard
Nixon, but in those days in the USSR there was simply nothing to see it. Therefore, the recording was simply sent to the archives of the All-Union Scientific Research Institute of Sound Recording (now VNIITR).

And later she came there and a package from Ampex with a photocopy of the diagrams and a full technical description of the VCR. Soon in the Soviet Union, the serial production of video recorders was launched.
“Frame-1”, made on the basis of American documentation. More information about the work of domestic radio engineers can be found on the website of the Virtual Computer Museum.

History of domestic ICT DVRs

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Europe could create 2.4 million jobs

ETNO: Europe Could Create 2.4 Million Jobs


MarketBusiness

Peter Chachin | 03/28/2021

ETNO: Europe Could Create 2.4 Million Jobs

European Telecommunications Operators Association (ETNO) says Europe could create 2.4 million new jobs over the next four years by leveraging investments in digital networks and
while stimulating economic growth and accelerating green transformation.

According to a report commissioned by ETNO, Connectivity and Beyond: How Telcos Can Accelerate a Digital Future For All, it will need € 300 billion in telecommunications investments, and
also efforts to stimulate digital demand and provide people with digital skills.

This report was prepared by the consulting company “BCG global management consulting” and was published at a time when the heads of state and government of the European Union are gathering for a meeting.
European Council to discuss, in particular, the future of industrial and digital policy in Europe.

BCG analysis shows that 5G alone can generate € 113 billion in annual GDP growth and 2.4 million new jobs in Europe by 2025. As the EU seeks to revitalize the economy with
A recovery plan, the introduction of gigabit networks and innovative digital services can help increase productivity and create smarter ways of working.

BCG believes that widespread adoption of digital solutions can reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 15-30% through technological optimization in smart cities and by 30% through digital transformation in
the transport sector.

To seize this opportunity, Europe must scale up its network investments to achieve ubiquitous gigabit speeds. BCG estimates that to achieve a full 5G scenario in
Europe still needs € 150 billion (although this does not mean universal coverage), while an additional € 150 billion is needed to complete fixed infrastructure upgrades before
gigabit speeds.

The report emphasizes that a lot of effort needs to be put into stimulating demand, as it was found that 83% of SMB enterprises in the EU do not use advanced cloud technologies, but 60%
nine-year-olds are educated in schools that are not equipped with digital equipment.

BCG estimates that modernizing the digital infrastructure of all European schools will require € 14 billion per year, which corresponds to 1.8% of the EU’s Next Generation fund. Digitalization of all
European SMBs will require € 26 billion per year.

Collaboration within the telecommunications industry and between European industrial sectors is becoming a defining feature of this new phase, the report says.

The European Association of Telecommunications Network Operators ETNO was founded in 1992. It has 40 members and observers, including a number of leading telecommunications equipment manufacturers.

Telecommunications 5G

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History of domestic ICT: 140 years of Valentin Vologdin

History of domestic ICT: 140 years of Valentin Vologdin


MarketBusiness

Peter Chachin | 03/20/2021

History of domestic ICT: 140 years of Valentin Vologdin

March marks the 140th anniversary of the birth of Valentin Petrovich Vologdin (1881 – 1953) – Russian and Soviet scientist in the field of high-frequency technology, professors
(1921), Corresponding Member of the USSR Academy of Sciences (1939), one of
organizers of the domestic radio and electrical industry.

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Born 22 [10] March 1881 in the village of Kuva, Perm province, in the family of a mining caretaker. In 1892 he entered the Perm Real School, and in 1900 – at the Petersburg Technological Institute,
which he graduated in 1907. After receiving the diploma, he gets a job at the electromechanical plant of the company “N. N. Glebov and Co. “.

Soon Vologdin was invited to Kronstadt officer classes work on over-frequency generators. In the period 1909 – 1912, Valentin Petrovich created the first Russian cars
high frequency powering spark radio stations.

In 1912, Vologdin designed a 2 kW radio generator, which was used in naval radio stations. A year later, the scientist presented a new sample with a power of 6 kW and a frequency of 20
kHz, which began to be used to provide radiotelegraph communication.

In 1915 he developed an original generator for the famous giant liner Ilya Muromets. Vologdin also created a series of high-frequency generators for radio stations, known under
the name of the PIU and OP.

In 1918 Vologdin became one of the scientific leaders Nizhny Novgorod Radio Laboratory (NRL)… In 1922 in the NRL he developed a high-frequency machine with a power of 50 kW at a frequency of 20 kHz, and three years later – a machine with a power of 150 kW.

They were installed at the October radio station in Moscow. With the help of a 150 kW machine, radio communication between Soviet Russia and the countries of Western Europe and the United States was reliably provided for many years. Since 1921
he is a professor Nizhny Novgorod University

INOologdin designed the world’s first high-voltage mercury rectifiers with a liquid cathode (in 1919 – in glass, in 1930 – powerful rectifiers in a metal
performance), gave a theory of their work and proposed switching circuits. These rectifiers began to be installed at all major radio stations, including the radio station. Comintern (1924).

In November 1922 V.P. Vologdin was appointed a member of the board Low Current Factories Trust; combining this work with activities in the NRL, and later became the director of radio at the Trust. In 1924
year, the radio laboratory of the Trust of Low Current Plants was transferred from Moscow to Leningrad, which united the most talented radio specialists and became Central Radio Laboratory of the country
(TsRL)

Outstanding scientists L.I. Mandelstam, N. D. Papaleksi , A.F, Shorin, M.A. Bonch-Bruevich and others. V.P. Vologdin was one of the scientific leaders of the Central Research Laboratory.

Under the leadership of Vologdin, the technology of high-speed soldering with heating by high-frequency currents (1930), as well as the method of surface hardening of steel (1935), which found wide application in
domestic engineering and metallurgy.

Since 1935 he is a professor Leningrad Electrotechnical Institute (LETI)… Since 1947 Vologdin – director Research Institute for the Industrial Application of High Frequency Currents (VNIITVCH),
organized on the basis of his laboratory at LETI and the laboratory of high-frequency electrothermics of the USSR Academy of Sciences.

In 1948, Vologdin was the first to be awarded the Gold Medal. A.S. Popov, he twice won the Stalin Prize of the Second Degree (1943, 1952) and was awarded the Order of Lenin. He has done over 120
inventions and more than 100 scientific articles and books have been written. More details with materials about the life and work of V.P. Vologdin can be found on the website of the Virtual Computer Museum.

History of domestic ICT

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Elon Musk said nickel shortage could threaten the electric vehicle market

Elon Musk said nickel shortage could threaten the electric vehicle market


MarketTechnology

Olga Blinkova | 03/02/2021

Elon Musk said nickel shortage could threaten the electric vehicle market

Nickel is an expensive metal and has limited supplies, so Tesla plans to replace it with iron by producing lithium iron phosphate (LFP) batteries. Such a tweet was published by the chapter
by Elon Musk. Earlier, Mr. Musk approached nickel producers with a request to increase the production of this metal.

Experts expect a noticeable shortage of nickel in the market over the next three years, and a real shortage is predicted in early 2023. In general, as calculated by the experts of the company Wood
Mackensie, global nickel consumption for electric vehicles will increase by 64% between 2019 and 2025.

Nickel is a component for the production of batteries for electric vehicles. So, Tesla is currently using nickel-cobalt-manganese batteries of the Korean company LG
Chem and nickel-cobalt-aluminum batteries from the Japanese company Panasonic.

Nickel has already risen in price by 16% since the beginning of the year.

Earlier, in the summer of 2020, Elon Musk said that Tesla is ready to provide a giant long-term contract for the purchase of nickel to the one who will produce this metal efficiently and safely for
ecology.

Tesla Electric Cars

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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS (16.01 – 15.02.2021)

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS (16.01 - 15.02.2021)


MarketBusiness

Gennady Belash | 03/01/2021

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS (16.01 - 15.02.2021)

ASCON in 2020: 20% growth, 2 billion rubles of revenue

and 730 new customers. Today, more than 13 thousand enterprises of various industries work with the company’s solutions. ASCON is the only engineering software developer recognized as a backbone
organization of the Russian economy in the field of IT.

Lenovo Group in IV calendar quarter

achieved revenues of $ 17.2 billion, up 22% year on year. Income before tax increased by 52% yoy (to $ 591 million), net income by 53% (to $ 395 million), and basic profit by
the share left 3.31 cents.

Rostec Center for Additive Technologies put into operation

24 units of new equipment for manufacturing aircraft engine parts using industrial 3D printing, which will increase production by 261% in 2021. In particular, the settings
SLM printing with metal powders, based on the technology of complete melting of particles and subsequent creation of monolithic parts, reduces the risk of microcracking caused by porosity
structures, and increase the strength of the product compared to traditional casting processes. And obtaining the status of a full-cycle service company will allow organizing serial production
products for domestic aircraft engines, including PD-14.

SAP SE presented preliminary results of the year,

ended December 31, 2020. So in the IV quarter, revenue from cloud services increased by 8% under IFRS and by 13% not under IFRS in constant currency, but from software licenses, on the contrary, decreased by 15% in
IFRS and 11% non-IFRS. In turn, revenue from cloud services and software lost 4% under IFRS and grew by 1% under IFRS, while operating profit added 26% under IFRS and 3% not under IFRS. Operating
the margin increased by 9.1 p.p. according to IFRS and by 1.5 p.p. not under IFRS in constant currency.
Thus, the expected operating cash flow for the year will be about 7.0 billion, which is approximately double last year. The projected free cash flow will be
near 5.9 billion. The main focus of 2021 is accelerating the transition to the cloud.

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MHealth applications operating in Russia await certification and state marketplace

MHealth applications operating in Russia await certification and state marketplace


MarketState and law

Natalia Solovieva | 02/28/2021

MHealth applications operating in Russia await certification and state marketplace

The Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation plans to create a unified trading platform under the control of the state, on which it is supposed to collect all medical applications that help Russians to monitor
the state of their health using artificial intelligence (AI) systems. In addition, before the end of the year, a platform for artificial intelligence in healthcare will be launched in the Russian Federation.

Deputy Minister of Health Pavel Pugachev spoke about the plans of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, speaking as a key speaker at the All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference on Artificial
intelligence in healthcare and medical decision support systems ITM-AI 2021, which took place online in the second half of February 2021.

Apparently, online medical services operating in Russia are awaiting licensing, certification, or some other form of access to operate on the market.

“It is important that people use proven services that can really be trusted and that guarantee the results they produce,” the media quoted Pavel Pugachev as saying.
dedicated to the priorities of digital transformation of healthcare and the urgent tasks of its current stage. Not every personal mobile gadget medical app that helps
the user can be trusted to monitor his health, he believes, and recently their number has increased dramatically, including in Russia. So, according to Appcraft.pro, by the end of 2020
over 97,000 MHealth applications were available for download, 70% of which are dedicated to sports and health, and 30% help in professional medical monitoring. According to the deputy minister,
you can only be sure of the results of the medical application that guarantees the results it produces, as well as the one that has a registration certificate from Roszdravnadzor.

By 2022, the global value of the mHealth segment, which includes mobile healthcare applications and wearable gadgets, will exceed, according to various expert estimates, the amount of $ 102 billion, and
2026-2027 will reach approximately $ 300 billion.

In addition, within the framework of the conference, Pavel Pugachev outlined to the professional community the main outlines and components of the industry platform for AI in healthcare, with a system for supporting adoption
medical decisions and early diagnosis of patients, including the software and hardware part and the structure of interaction with the kernel. At the moment the program is at the final stage of development and
preparing for approval. Its commissioning is expected before the end of the current 2021.

Marketplace

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AR glasses from Facebook may receive facial recognition

AR glasses from Facebook may receive facial recognition


MarketTechnology

Olga Blinkova | 02/26/2021

AR glasses from Facebook may receive facial recognition

Facebook plans to integrate facial recognition into its AR glasses. This feature can dramatically increase the popularity of the device – just look at someone in the public
transport to see his Facebook profile. Considering that in this social network there is often a lot of information about a person – what is the name, how many years, where he studied, worked, what is his hobby – about the person
you can learn a lot of interesting things.

However, Facebook fears that “power structures” will be able to violate the privacy of citizens, using such glasses – this very danger was announced on Facebook as the main possible disadvantage. Yes,
the user sees who is who, but they also see him. It remains an open question whether deleting your Facebook profile (or at least photos) is enough to achieve anonymity. Also planned
collect user opinions, whether the “people” want such a function.

AR glasses are expected to be released this year, and Facebook is collaborating with Ray-Ban on their development.

Facebook has been working on smart glasses since 2017. In 2014, the social network acquired Oculus, a developer of AR and VR devices.

Back in 2017, experts predicted that within 20-30 years, smart glasses will replace smartphones, leaving hands free and providing access to a number of additional functions. However, as before,
the question remains, what should be done for those who already wear glasses for solving vision problems. In some Asian countries, glasses are worn by about 90% of the population. And by 2050, as scientists suggest,
myopia will affect about half of the world’s population.

Recognition Augmented Reality AR

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Bitcoin crashed, then rose like a phoenix, and Bill Gates said that cryptocurrencies are harmful to nature

Bitcoin crashed, then rose like a phoenix, and Bill Gates said that cryptocurrencies are harmful to nature


MarketBusiness

Olga Blinkova | 02/23/2021

Bitcoin crashed, then rose like a phoenix, and Bill Gates said that cryptocurrencies are harmful to nature

The bitcoin rate on Monday swooped down, having lost about $ 10,000 at a stroke, but almost immediately went up again, stopping at $ 54,000. The reason for the fall was the words of the head of the US Treasury that
that Bitcoin is a highly speculative asset. It was also said that bitcoin is a highly inefficient way to conduct transactions, and the amount of energy consumed in processing these
transactions are staggeringly large.

By the way, Microsoft founder Bill Gates noted some time ago that he treats cryptocurrencies neutrally, but this is an invention the world could do without. Among the main disadvantages
bitcoins, Mr. Gates noted the connection with criminal activity. It also takes a huge amount of electricity to mine bitcoins, which could serve people. In addition, Bill Gates
noted that there is nothing real behind Bitcoin, no product or production. Currently, the fortune of Bill Gates, according to Forbes, is estimated at $ 124 billion.

At the beginning of February, scientists at Cambridge University calculated that more electricity is already being spent on bitcoin mining than the whole country of Argentina uses, and a little less of Norway and Ukraine. IN
In total, 121.36 TWh is spent on bitcoin mining per year. It is noted that those who invest in bitcoin underestimate the impact of this cryptocurrency on the environment.

At the same time, scientists note that if you turn off all inactive, but enabled devices in the United States, then bitcoin can be mined just within a year.

Some experts emphasize that the fact that Elon Musk bought bitcoins at Tesla for $ 1.5 billion multiplied by zero the effect of his electric vehicles that do not produce carbon dioxide. Moreover,
Tesla has received financial support from the US government for its contribution to the fight against greenhouse gas emissions. That’s right, just $ 1.5 billion.

Cryptocurrency

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Over the next five years, the global 5G network security market will grow by an order of magnitude

Over the next five years, the global 5G network security market will grow by an order of magnitude


Market Trends

Natalia Solovieva | 02/21/2021

Over the next five years, the global 5G network security market will grow by an order of magnitude

The volume of the world market of technologies designed to ensure the security of communication networks of the latest (5G) generation, at the end of 2020 amounted to $ 580 million. In the coming years, this
the segment expects dynamic growth, and after a 5-year period its volume is expected to increase by an order of magnitude. This is reported by a study by the consulting agency MarketsandMarkets.

Operators of 5G networks will have to tackle ever-increasing security challenges – both for public telecommunications networks and dedicated ones deployed within
enterprises and designed for digitalization and automation of technological processes. The number of attacks on the Internet of Things (IoT) is predicted to increase from malware targeting
for extortion and blackmail, as well as the number of hacker attacks on critical information infrastructure (IT systems of various government agencies, financial institutions, fuel and energy
complex) around the world. The number of wireless connections to devices supporting IoT technology will increase significantly, paving the way for the mMTC machine-to-machine communication scenario with
increased safety requirements.

All these factors, together, will lead to a very noticeable increase in sales of solutions that ensure the security of 5G networks in the global market – according to analysts, this indicator will grow, in
on average, by 44.3% per year. And if by the end of 2020 the volume of sales of such solutions and services reached $ 580 million, then by 2026, in accordance with forecasts, it will exceed $ 5.226 billion.

The highest growth rates during the forecast period, as experts expect, will demonstrate the “cloud” deployment of 5G security solutions and services, affordable, flexible, easy
scalable and cost-effective, helping organizations avoid hardware, software, storage and technical staff costs.

Companies using 5G networks with autonomous architecture (5G Standalone, 5G SA) for robotics, big data analytics, industrial IoT, augmented reality (AR), and so on, will need
mechanisms for the security of the entire 5G network.

In 2020, which ended, according to experts, the Asia-Pacific region provided the largest volume of sales of services and services for protecting 5G networks. Maintaining its leading position for
the next 5 years will be facilitated by the active deployment of 4G and 5G technology networks and the dynamic development of infrastructure in such countries of the region as Japan, South Korea, Australia, Singapore,
China and India. For example, China, Australia and Japan have launched several 5G-related projects; providing growth opportunities for 5G security solution providers
in the APEC region.

5G Information Security

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IT spending in the world in 2020 decreased by 3.2%, but in 2021 will grow by 6.2%

Gartner: spending on IT in the world in 2020 decreased by 3.2%, but in 2021 will grow by 6.2%


Market Trends

Olga Blinkova | 02/10/2021

Gartner: spending on IT in the world in 2020 decreased by 3.2%, but in 2021 will grow by 6.2%

Gartner experts predict that global IT spending in 2021 will grow by 6.2% to $ 3.9 trillion.

In the past 2020, IT costs in the world decreased by 3.2%, despite the fact that the media are full of examples when the pandemic increased revenue in one or another market segment and led to an increase in sales of certain
products.

The rise in IT spending this year is closely related to the return of the economy to normal operation after the pandemic.

Gartner believes that sales of equipment for data centers will grow by 6.2% this year, sales of enterprise software will add 8.8%, sales of hardware and equipment of all kinds will increase
by 8%, and revenue from the provision of IT services will grow by 6%. The telecommunications segment will also add.

Investing in digital business transformation will remain, as Gartner expects, a top priority for the industry through 2024. In particular, the growth in popularity of cloud computing will continue,
companies will redouble efforts in the field of digitalization of business processes, the increased interest in information security will remain unchanged. The user experience will become the sacred cow, as before.

For 2022, Gartner predicts growth in the following segments of the IT market: sales of equipment for data centers are expected to add 3.4%, sales of enterprise software will soar by a significant 10.2%, sales
hardware and equipment of all kinds will increase by 1.3%, and revenue from the provision of IT services will grow by 6.3%. The telecommunications segment will also add, it is expected to grow at the level of 3.3%.

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