not a solution to all problems, but only a tool. How to use it with business value

RPA is not a solution to all problems, but only a tool. How to use it with business value


MarketTechnology

| 01/23/2021

RPA is not a solution to all problems, but only a tool. How to use it with business value

Robotization theme and RPA does not lose its novelty. Robotization is definitely not a panacea. Technology RPA requires a special approach, understanding of the purpose of implementation and following
a well-structured business strategy. In this article I will tell you, using case studies, whether you need robots and how to choose the most productive one.

Pros and cons

I’ll start with the main question asked by beneficiaries – what is the difference from automation? What can do this RPAwhat developers can’t do? The answer is simple –
nothing
… But there are several challenges faced by companies of all sizes that make the technology in demand. The first is the need to integrate with a Legacy system or IT products,
that do not have software integration (API), this also includes websites. RPA Is a tool that is designed to solve specific problems, which allows developers
do not “invent crutches”, do not waste time studying an area unknown to them, but use a ready-made product that allows you to link together a chain of sources through which
an automated business process. The second is simplicity and availability RPA-products… Although an employee without understanding the basics of programming (variables, loops, “what-if”) does not
will be able to use the product independently, for the rest it is a fairly easy-to-learn tool.
Companies in which the backlog of tasks for the IT department is scheduled for a year in advance, and new
urgent tasks appear every week, they are simply physically unable to maintain a competitive pace without expanding the staff of highly paid developers. Then RPA with its own speed and
availability allows you to close tasks in parallel while spending less resources on automation.

The second question is the applicability of RPA in principle. You need to understand that RPA is a kind of niche tool designed to solve certain problems, and not robotization for the sake of robotization,
simply because it is really faster and more profitable. Benefit can play a cruel joke here. Basic: RPA designed for communication of several systems, not for robotization inside
one.
So, for example, it is much more profitable to make processing inside SAP / 1C by means of the IT products themselves than RPA. The main factor here is stability, because RPA is tied to a specific algorithm
and the smallest changes in the program interface can lead to a breakdown of the robot, which does not matter for processing or unloading done by standard means. Second, and less important,
RPA mainly designed to automate repetitive, routine (one might even say manual) functions: frequent transfer of information from source to system, consolidation
information from different IT sources, recognition and distribution of information from documents. Companies often talk about robotization, for example, a report that is done by an employee once a quarter is bad
process for robotization, it will not pay off.

In general, when approaching new technologies, one should think well and not get into the network on the wave of hype just for the sake of business becoming involved in the popular digital movement. And RPA is not
an exception. Expectations and hopes often have nothing to do with the actual situation. Lack of competencies among employees, difficulties in support – this is only part of the obstacles that can stand in
the process of introducing the robot and after. You can always turn to IT integrators for support, but this approach always comes with a higher implementation cost.

What to go through when introducing technology

Companies come to RPA in different ways, but there is always only one successful implementation path.

The first thing to do is find the right process for the future pilot.… There are different ways to do this: chat with RPA-vendorwho is always
ready to help in the analysis of business processes, to attract business consultants, an internal IT specialist will easily understand the technology and find where to apply RPA. But most productively –
listen to employee complaints about large volumes of uninteresting routine work, because it is their manual labor that should replace RPA, delegating the execution of these tasks to a robot.

This is followed by a pilot implementation, where the bumps are stuffed: the RPA-specific processes for negotiating access, security and detailed algorithms become clear. Pilot project or
Proof of Concept does not always have to be cost effective, often the positive effect of robotization is achieved through economies of scale. Implement RPA by yourself or with
attracting integrators is the second question. Here the pros and cons are the same as in the implementation of any other product: different levels of competence and staff and hired employees, timing, cost and
etc.

After a successful pilot you should think about scaling RPA in company, which includes not only a strategy for selecting processes for robotization and their prioritization, but also where
more important things – how the process of making changes to robots will be regulated (they are highly dependent on changes in the systems in which they work), how the company’s employees will work in
new digital environment and cooperate with robots, whether to develop competencies within the company or continue to use the services of a contractor.

Tips for choosing a platform

As mentioned above, the choice of a platform is one of the most important components of the success of robotization in a company. It might seem that functionally all platforms satisfy the desired requirements, but
it is worth giving preference to already established products with existing customers, and the more there are, and the louder their names, the better. Here I want to note that this does not correlate with the price in any way,
the cost of adult RPA platforms will be about the same (if you do not take foreign ones, where exchange rates and VAT affect). The reason is in the risks. With the appearance of customers, companies have
responsibility for the maintenance and technical support of their product, its further development. This ensures that the company does not disappear from the market, leaving behind the need to re-
selection and transition to a new platform, which for the most part bears the risk of additional costs and time for transferring already robotic processes to a new product.

The next thing to look out for is availability of product information and its use, the presence of a vibrant community working on and working on the platform. Early or
late, any company will come to the decision to create an internal RPA Competence Center, and then the variety of available resources for studying and the breadth of support will help to teach faster and better
new employees. The quality and speed of technical support is also important here.

The third is functional… RPA platforms in their breadth are for the most part capable of solving the same problems, although perhaps in different ways. However, the reality is
that each of the platforms eventually begins to bias towards the convenience and simplicity of working with specific software, web resources or embedding auxiliary tools, further simplifying and making
the product is more accessible to the average user. In our company, for example, there are activities for creating simple neural networks in 3 clicks, which can significantly save time when
solving problems related to classification or forecasting, without involving subject specialists.

Dmitry Kornev,

Head of Business Development PIX Robotics

Robotization

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The market of the “Internet of Things” in Russia today and tomorrow

The Internet of Things market in Russia today and tomorrow


MarketTrends and forecasts

Petr Chachin | 01/21/2021

The Internet of Things market in Russia today and tomorrow

This year, the Internet of Things (Internet of Things, IoT) in Russia, according to analytical companies, will decrease slightly due to the general economic crisis,
caused by the pandemic. But in the medium term, it is expected that it will soon re-enter the trajectory of sustainable development and by 2025 will grow by 30%, and the number of connected devices – more
than twice.

The Internet of Things is a concept of remote interaction and data exchange between devices and people via the Internet anywhere and anytime, formulated in 1999, and the possibilities
Home IoTs were described in Scientific American in 2004. According to Cisco analysts, the Internet of Things began to spread throughout the world in 2008-2009,
since it was in this interval, according to their estimates, that the number of devices connected to the global network exceeded the population of the Earth. A nStarting from 2011 analytical
company
Gartner puts the Internet of Things in a shared hype cycle of new technologies to the stage of “technological trigger” indicating the formation period of more than 10 years, and
from
2012 periodically a specialized “IoT hype cycle“.

Today IoT is a whole ecosystem that includes hardware, network equipment, software platforms for processing and analyzing received data, data storage, and
also tools for their effective use. But even before the emergence of the IoT, for a number of years in industry, transport, energy and the financial sector, there was enough
large market for machine-to-machine (M2M) devices. These were wired and wireless sensor monitoring systems. temperature, stock level,
locations, etc. They are still used today in ATMs, payment terminals, security and protection systems, industrial telemetry systems, positioning devices for mobile
objects, etc.
As a result, M2M tools smoothly merged into the overall technical and statistical picture of the Internet of Things.

Main areas of IoT application in Russia

Currently, there is a transition from individual pilot projects to a wider introduction of IoT already in many sectors of the economy. “The IoT market is growing steadily by 15-17% per year,” says Andrey, Director of the Internet of Things Association (AIV).
Kolesnikov. “But the main thing today is the prevailing understanding that IoT is not a goal, but a tool that only works in combination with business processes.”

The goal of IoT implementation is to reduce costs and increase revenues, which is why, in order to implement IoT solutions, you need to start any project considering key expenditure items. Special
great hopes are pinned on the IoT in the areas of electric power, housing and communal services and transport. So, in the electric power industry, its application can lead to significant changes that will allow
transform a traditional electromechanical system into a digital one. The definition of the “Internet of Things” here includes not only “smart” networks (smart grids), but also “smart” meters (smart
meters).

New technologies are especially relevant for Russia with its existing large-scale centralized power supply system, which is over 2.5 million km of power transmission lines, about 500 thousand substations and 700
power plants with a capacity of more than 5 MW. In the electric grid sector, the wider introduction of intelligent technologies could lead to an increase in the reliability of systems and a decrease in operating
expenses, which would make it possible to switch to the management of the network “on condition”, and not to carry out repairs in accordance with strict regulatory deadlines.

However, today the penetration of the Internet of Things into the Russian energy sector is still at a low level, although there are a number of successful examples of the introduction of intelligent grid technologies. By the way,
most of the new equipment (transformers, circuit breakers, etc.) has remote diagnostics systems designed to work in an IoT environment. In the field of “smart” housing and communal services large
telecom operators such as Rostelecom, VimpelCom, MTS and MegaFon. According to the latter, by 2022 the volume of this market will be 1.2 billion rubles. In turn, Rusatom
Infrastructure Solutions ”estimated that within ten
years, only the market for “smart” electricity meters can exceed 60 billion rubles a year, and taking into account the control of heat, hot and cold water, the market for “smart” housing and communal services will reach 100 billion rubles.

The elements of smart housing and public utilities services are part of larger systems of smart cities. The struggle for this market has intensified between large enterprises. So, Rostelecom wants to become
as the operator of the Digital City project, Rosatom also has certain ambitions in this direction. Sberbank also indicated interest in this topic, having concluded an agreement with Orange Business Services and
having acquired a minority stake in Smart Resident this year.

The main problem of smart housing and communal services is that it is not clear who will pay for the IoT infrastructure. The necessary devices, multiplexers, controllers, information transmission and processing systems are already
are presented on the market, but the management companies are still in no hurry to install meters with automatic data transfer – for them it is still unprofitable. “All projects of IoT solutions in this area are not about
energy and not about IT, they are about money and about expenditure parts of budgets, – noted the director of the AIV. –
Estimated “found losses” after the introduction of digital metering systems for electricity and water are 7-12%. But in especially severe cases, the figure reaches 50%. This is the KPI of mess and mismanagement,
which nobody wants to admit. ”

The Internet of Things has penetrated much deeper into transport. In an industry where the length of various types of communication lines exceeds 1.6 million kilometers, and the number of freight transport is 7 million units, in
In principle, it is impossible to do without remote monitoring systems. At the rate Json & Partners Consulting, by the end of 2019 in Russia there were
about 8.4 million connected commercial and non-commercial vehicles (15-16% of the vehicle fleet), and, according to forecasts, by 2025 this figure will approach 20 million.

The “Internet of Things” is also used by the state to organize the transport system in Russia. So, on its basis the “Plato” system was built
for collecting tolls on roads for trucks weighing 12 tons and more, in which at the end of 2020 481 stationary control system frames, 100 mobile control vehicles and
about 2 million vehicle on-board devices. In 2019, on the scale of Plato, 31 billion rubles were collected. In addition, the country has a regulatory obligation to install systems
remote monitoring and control of vehicle traffic for commercial transportation of passengers and delivery of dangerous goods. The construction of a unified federal system is currently being completed
monitoring and control of passenger transportation by buses (ESF MKPP), however, the timing of its implementation is likely to go beyond this year. Examples of state policy for digitalization of transport
it is possible to attribute the obligation of automakers to equip all cars with the “ERA-GLONASS” emergency notification system.

At the same time, the potential for the implementation of the “Internet of Things” in our country is very significant both in the railway, pipeline and other types of transport industry. Intellectual
transport systems (ITS) in the coming years will become key areas for the development of transport infrastructure. It is expected that “smart” roads will help to significantly reduce the number of accidents, reduce
waiting time at traffic lights and total travel time.
The traffic management center of the Moscow government will equip 400 smart intersections in 2020. In general, the average crossing time is reduced by 15-20%.

At the rate Json & Partners Consulting, by the end of 2019, there were about 85 thousand connected road infrastructure devices in Russia
(“Smart” traffic lights, complexes of photo-video recording and weight and dimensional control, traffic flow sensors, etc.). It is expected that by 2025 this figure will grow 1.5 times. In general, the ITS market
estimated at 5-10 billion rubles.

Meanwhile IoT in the agro-industrial complex (AIC) it is still very weakly used, the evolution of the industry is only at the very beginning of the digital chain.
The factors holding back this process are financing, infrastructure and human resources. “Only on the horizon of 20-30 years will we see when agriculture and the agro-industrial complex, which in fact
it is impossible to consider without accompanying industries – mechanical engineering, medicine, etc. – will become such a full-fledged cluster, built into the global digital environment of the economy, ”said
Anna Nikitchenko, Vice President of the National Institute for Systems Research of Entrepreneurship Problems.

М2М market /IoT in Russia in 2019/2020

According to analytical company report Json
& Partners Consulting, in 2019 year M2M / IoT market size in
Russia has reached 64 billion rubles, and the number of connected to the global network
WAN-devices
IoT/M2M was

22.5 million, an increase of 21% compared to 2018.

The М2М / IoT market has been developing in Russia for more than 15 years, and its individual segments, in particular console security services, have existed for more than 40 years (the figure shows its indicators for the last five
years and forecast until 2025). It should be noted that there are other assessments of the Russian market, some of them differ by almost 10 times from those given in this study.

img

In the sectoral structure of the distributed telemetry systems market, there is an extremely low share of IoT applications for monitoring and controlling industrial equipment and engineering systems of buildings and
structures. This is happening against the background of the prevalence of technical security systems, connected infrastructure for making payments and transport monitoring systems. The reason for this market structure
by IoT / M2M applications, analysts say Json &
Partners, is that the main drivers of growth in the number of installed and connected IoT / M2M devices in Russia were and remain
mandatory state programs, among which there are no programs for the digitalization of industry. In this regard, it is worth recalling what Andrei Kolesnikov said recently,
Director of AIV: “The most important trend in IoT now is the industrial Internet, a combination of operational technologies, the” Internet of things “, production and life cycle management systems.”

According to IKS-Consulting estimates, the volume of the industrial “Internet of Things” (Industrial IoT, IIoT) market in 2019 increased by 4% compared to 2018, to 7.92 billion rubles, with an increase in production volumes
at the 3% level. At the same time, 40 large projects were implemented last year, most of them were in manufacturing, mining and mechanical engineering. The most
Monitoring systems, management of a mining transport complex and projects based on the “Digital twin of a plant, mine, well or field” technology have become common solutions in the field of IIoT.

So, according to the forecast of IKS-Consulting, against the background
the expected reduction in production and cuts in budgets for digitalization, investments in IIoT projects in 2020 will fall by 10%, to 7.1 billion rubles. According to Pavel Svarnik, Executive Director
Center for Strategic Development and Digital Transformation “LANIT. Integrations ”, the prerequisites for the development of the industrial“ Internet of Things ”market in Russia are now absent. This is due to the fact that IIoT
requires from enterprises significant capital investments, which are unlikely to be massive in the post-pandemic period. At the same time, large manufacturing enterprises that have incorporated IIoT
to their investment budgets earlier, are unlikely to abandon the planned projects. And while IIoT is just one of the areas of IoT, the decline in 2020 is likely to affect most
other areas of the Internet of Things.

In general, it can be noted that in 2015–2019. the foundation was laid for the further development of the IoT / M2M market.

(The ending follows)

Internet of Things (IoT)

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the pandemic benefited the virtual and augmented reality markets

Gone into virtual: the pandemic benefited the virtual and augmented reality markets


MarketTrends and forecasts

Natalia Solovieva | 01/22/2021

Gone into virtual: the pandemic benefited the virtual and augmented reality markets

By 2025, the total market value of the augmented reality market will exceed $ 140 billion, and the volume of the AR / VR device market by this time will grow by an order of magnitude and will amount to 43.2 million devices. These are
results of research carried out by ABI Research and TrendForce.

The Chinese virus pandemic has become an active stimulus for the development of some areas of IT. Among them is the augmented reality (AR) technology market. Possibilities of this technology
proved to be effective, and it was in high demand when organizing remote work, when teaching work processes remotely and assisting employees in their work. Market
The potential of AR technologies, given the growing vitality of the consumer market, is assessed as very significant.

ABI Research: augmented reality market will switch from enterprise to consumer

As experts from ABI Research calculated in their research, by 2025 the total volume of the augmented reality market will exceed $ 140 billion. They made such conclusions based on market data.
augmented and mixed reality.

“For the past several years, AR has been dominated by corporate use. By now, tech companies that are capable of changing markets globally are
already involved in AR. Many of them are planning more focused efforts on the hardware of these technologies over the next 2-3 years, which will eventually “switch” the leading market
augmented reality from enterprises to consumers. By increasing competition and maturity, this will benefit both parties, ”predicts Eric Abbruzzese, Director of Business
research by ABI Research.

AR hardware and content growth models will support this trend over the next five years. The fastest growing segments, along with retail and marketing, are consumer
Software, content and AR advertising. Along with this, Abbruzzese believes, the growth of enterprises does not slow down. Areas such as healthcare, manufacturing, and the automotive industry promise to demonstrate
a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 70 – 90%. In these areas, of course, there will be no such rapid influx of users as in the consumer market,
but the expansion of hardware capabilities will drive further adoption of AR content and technology, the expert continued.

Apple currently boasts a mature augmented reality ecosystem, with AR-based lidar sensors found in flagship iOS products and
ARKit, allowing you to work with different types of content. Google recently acquired smart eyewear maker North and still has its own app development tool
augmented reality ARCore. Facebook announced that it will continue developing AR with its affiliate Reality Labs, and plans to create smart glasses in 2021.

Players traditionally focused on working with enterprises will also continue to work in this direction. PTC, Atheer, Microsoft, Lenovo, Teamviewer and many more are increasing investment in
AR and focuses on these technologies, building pricing policies and business models that satisfy both short-term demand and the longer-term needs of their customers, growing over the course of
time. Offering free trials, as-a-service options, and a flexible portfolio have all been fueled by the coronavirus pandemic and are likely to remain so.

“Facebook, Google and Apple have been building the foundations of augmented reality for years, creating content and mobile devices, and predicting widespread use of these technologies by 2025.
The key requirements for AR are related to price, ease of use, and overall customer value, and the growth of this market is beneficial to the corporate space as well. Previously hidden value of deleted
AR capabilities have now been appreciated, and similar needs in the consumer segment will also drive wider adoption of these technologies. All this together
gives a significant impetus to the development of AR ”, – summed up Abbruzzese.

TrendForce: AR / VR Technologies Will Support Over 43 Million Gadgets In 5 Years

According to analysts, the global market for augmented / virtual reality (AR / VR) devices is expected to grow even more actively, almost explosively, in the coming years. For example, TrendForce agency on
Based on his research, he came to the conclusion that by 2025 the volume of the world market for AR / VR gadgets will grow by almost an order of magnitude.

So, according to the results of the past 2020, the total supply of AR / VR devices is expected to reach 5.12 million units. Thanks to the release of various options for glasses with virtual and
augmented reality from 2021 to 2022 the market will grow rapidly. This market will reach 53.1% CAGR between 2020 and 2025, and in 2025, it will reach 53.1%.
the projected volume of shipped devices supporting these technologies will amount to 43.2 million units.

According to TrendForce analyst Jason Tsai, the accelerating growth in the AR / VR market can be attributed to aggressive product strategies from manufacturers. According to forecasts,
glasses like AR / VR devices will be a popular choice for companies to expand their presence in the consumer electronics market. Between 2021 and 2022, new
more and more brands will release products with the support of this technology. For example, Apple, Huawei and Samsung, among others, may make glasses like AR / VR devices and, in
in turn, expand the market even more.

Given the strong demand in the consumer electronics market for product appearance and retail prices, AR / VR devices will be manufactured in lightweight optical designs. Considering that their
computing units and batteries will be stored in separate cases, smart glasses will resemble ordinary glasses, Jason Tsai is sure.

AR / VR devices designed for computing, network connectivity, or even applications from external connectivity to smartphones will be positioned and promoted as
peripherals for smartphones – smart watches, smart bracelets and TWS Bluetooth headsets. As a result, smartphone manufacturers are likely to take active efforts to develop
related products while driving the market forward.

Consumer AR / VR devices contain only a few key components, including optical components, projectors (which serve as their light source), and optical engines. To
to keep the miniature size, the projectors used in these devices are small LCD or Si-OLED displays. For example, AR glasses mainly use optical design.
birdbath, which projects light from a Si-OLED display mounted on top or side of glasses. The introduction of Si-OLED displays prompted manufacturers such as BOE and Seeya Technology to enter
this market segment and compete with already existing Si-OLED suppliers – Sony, Epson and Kopin.

TrendForce analysts believe that the AR / VR device market will grow rapidly in 2021 and 2022, when various brands begin to participate in the development of AR / VR devices and related key
components such as optical components and Si-OLED displays.

Virtual Reality (VR) Augmented Reality AR

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“Large digital platforms in the next decade will occupy up to 80% of the volume of a specific market sector in many industries.”

"Large digital platforms in the next decade will occupy up to 80% of the volume of a specific market sector in many industries."



Market Opinions

| 01/13/2021

The outgoing year turned out to be difficult and eventful. The COVID-19 pandemic has become a serious challenge for all sectors of the economy, including the IT market. But now you can be sure
to say that, despite all the difficulties, the Russian software development market has adequately coped with new challenges and is successfully overcoming a difficult period. This was largely due to the fact that
development companies have been historically focused on remote work using modern means of communication and were fully prepared for the current situation. Against the background of the majority
sectors of the economy, the software development market has suffered to a lesser extent due to its flexibility, readiness to transfer work processes to digital technologies. In addition, smooth passage
the crisis was facilitated by stimulating measures and financial support from the state.
We clearly see several trends that will continue after our life returns to its usual course. These are, first of all, higher requirements of consumers for the quality of Internet communication,
ecosystems of educational and entertainment content, information security services, cloud solutions and services for remote work. We also celebrate the acceleration of digital transformation
various spheres of life and economy. Increased demand encourages our customers to develop and implement new technologies as quickly as possible that will meet changing needs.
citizens, business and government.
The market has changed, new models of interaction between consumers and service providers are being formed. Many companies have increased interest in digital projects, they are quickly transforming their products
and services for the new realities of the market. The key difference between the current moment and earlier periods of digitalization lies, in our opinion, in the fact that now it is not a “fashion” and not a speculative interest in
promising areas of activity, and the urgent need to improve competitiveness through internal process optimization. The speed of transition to digital has increased even in those
industries that have traditionally relied on offline. Everyone realized that those who fail to adapt to new realities will soon simply leave the market.
Among the trends in consumer behavior that we observe today, it is worth noting customer mobility. People increasingly tend to resolve issues without visiting the office or store, being on
communication 24/7. Another important expectation is omnichannel, that is, the opportunity for the client to interact with the company in any way convenient for him: online, offline, in social networks, etc.
Further. In addition, the client expects from the company a high degree of personalization of the offer, expects to receive a product with unique, important specifically for this particular client.
characteristics and advantages.
The interest in consulting services, development and implementation of solutions in the field of digitalization and artificial intelligence from government customers and companies with government participation has qualitatively increased,
actively involved in the implementation of digital transformation and import substitution programs.
The Reksoft company specializes in the development of complex digital turnkey solutions and helps customers to implement digital transformation projects. Corona crisis did not affect volumes and
the quality of our work, we increased our business throughout the year and began to develop a number of new projects and areas of activity.
Today we offer our clients a set of processes and technologies based on thirty years of experience in adapting our clients’ businesses to change. Digital solutions projects have
some difference from classic IT projects, since their launch requires significant organizational changes on the customer’s side, up to adjusting the business model. That’s why
we adhere to an integrated approach, which, in addition to designing and creating the solution itself, includes consulting in the field of planning digital transformation processes at the level of all
enterprises, as well as a set of technological tools for preparing the landscape of the customer’s information systems to work in the new mode.
For many of our customers, digital transformation is not only internal change, but also a chance to find their new place in a changing market by creating digital platforms that would become
a point of attraction for other market participants. Almost all new projects of Reksoft are associated with the creation of platforms of various sizes. For big business, this is the creation of ecosystems, for
niche players – understanding how they need to transform their business in order to properly connect to such platforms and ecosystems.
According to our forecasts, large digital platforms will occupy a significant share in many industries in the next decade, up to 80% of the volume of a specific market sector. Everything else will go to consulting around
them: in consulting the operators of these platforms (that is, the provision of technical support services, further development, information security), consulting on the front side of these platforms for
all participants, etc.
Based on our experience in digital transformation, I can say with confidence that now is one of the best times for the implementation of digital projects, since the relatively low investment in digital
technologies can significantly increase the competitiveness and efficiency of a business and pay off within 2-3 years.

Software

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Reksoft | Reksoft



Digital currencies can be sent from phone to phone

Digital currencies can be sent from phone to phone


MarketTechnology

Natalia Solovieva | 12/31/2020

Digital currencies can be sent from phone to phone

Visa, one of the largest international payment systems, has posted publicly a technical report titled “Towards a Two-Tier Hierarchical Infrastructure: An Offline Payment System for
Central Bank Digital Currencies ”(“ Towards a two-tier hierarchical infrastructure: an autonomous payment system for Central Bank digital currencies ”). In work authored by a number of experts,
specializing in security, cryptocurrencies, and electronic payments, discusses the benefits of Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC), and describes
protocol of their use in offline mode (direct offline payments).

Central Bank Digital Currency or national cryptocurrencies is a digital analogue of the state currency, combining the capabilities of fiat (real) and electronic money. Perspectives
Issues of digital versions of their own (national) currencies are actively investigated and today by the Central Banks (mega-regulators) of almost all countries of the world, and some have already launched a project of a national digital asset in the “run-in” mode. As Christine Lagarde stated some time ago,
former Managing Director of the IMF, central banks should consider developing CBDCs – they could meet many public policy objectives, including financial
availability, security, consumer protection and payment confidentiality. However, unlike decentralized cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Litecoin, each country’s CBDC will be
controlled by one organization – the central bank.

Authors of a publication hosted in an open archive of scientific articles maintained and administered by Cornell University
(Cornell University) are investigating how central bank digital currencies, when available, can be used to make payments offline.

Central banks pay special attention to ensuring the availability of financial services, the document says. In view of this, it is necessary to take into account the structure of currency exchange using digital currencies when
either the buyer or the seller, or both parties do not have access to the World Wide Web when the available Internet connection is unstable, or when the user can only use the Internet
occasionally.

New Offline Payment System (OPS) Protocol for CBDC, proposed by authors, allows digital currencies to be downloaded directly to end users’ personal mobile devices
(smartphones, tablets). Currencies are stored in a secure module built into the device and managed by the issuer of the CBDC wallet. Cryptocurrency can be transferred from one device to another using
Bluetooth or NFC specifications. At the same time, the need for online communications with its traditional participants, such as banks, payment systems and
processing companies that authorize and process payment transactions.

“Our proposed development is a two-level hierarchical trust infrastructure, which is implemented using public key cryptography, with the Central Bank as the center
issuing root certificates for generating digital signatures, and with other financial institutions as intermediate certification authorities – designed to organize an easy and secure
issuance and transmission of CBDC. One of the important design features of such an infrastructure is the ability to create a sustainable payment system for consumers and businesses, allowing
carry out secure autonomous point-to-point operations (“point to point”, “device to device”) using authorized equipment and, thus, make transactions in
any situation, ”the document says.

Payment systems

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Development and management of a unified IT platform for public services: all the details

Development and management of a unified IT platform for public services: all the details


MarketState and law

Natalia Solovieva | 12/31/2020

Development and management of a unified IT platform for public services: all the details

SBER received the status of the sole developer and operator of the core of the Gostec IT platform. These are the results of an open auction held by the Ministry of Digital Development, Communications and Mass Media
communications of the Russian Federation.

It was Sberank RF (now part of the BEER ecosystem) that initiated the creation of a unified digital platform for state services, and presented the concept of this platform to the Russian government in April 2020.
However, last June 2020, the number of potential participants in this project intended to join “Russian Post”, VTB
and Rostelecom
… They were going to use their best practices in this area, and also, as it was stated in the joint appeal of the leaders of these organizations to the head of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Russian Federation, had the intention
prevent Sberbank of the Russian Federation from monopolizing the market for the development of public services, the volume of which is estimated by experts at 40-60 billion rubles annually.

As Ivan Begtin, director of ANO Information Culture, commented in the media, Sberbank of the Russian Federation will receive, in fact, exclusive access to the automation of state functions and state data. Based on this information, he
will be able to create new products. And then, by absorbing some of the system integrators or simply “pushing” them away from government contracts, Sberbank of the Russian Federation will become the only player in the market segment of dozens
billions of rubles a year, the expert continued.

In addition, Andrey Sholokhov, Deputy General Director of Softline for Work with National Projects, believed that in excess of this amount, funds would be required both for GIS maintenance and translation earlier
systems written on a new platform. The successful development of “Gostech” will hit the companies that specialized in the development of GIS, he said.

The results of the data analysis, which will also become available to Sberbank of the Russian Federation, will make it possible to enrich the data it already has about its customers (their number is estimated by experts at 98 million) and, thus,
significantly improve the quality of forecasting. For example, when assessing the risks of borrowers or the effectiveness of advertising campaigns, said the head of the group for the provision of services to financial companies
Deloitte sector Maxim Nalyutin.

But despite all these fears, except for SBER, which submitted an application to the tender with a cost of execution of 900 million rubles, no one else applied for participation in the auction and did not submit their applications.

The Gostech platform, as stated in the decree signed by the Chairman of the Russian Government Mikhail Mishustin, will transfer already created and operating systems, the functionality of which –
ensuring interaction between private users and the business community with various government bodies. It will also become a unified environment for the development of future state information
systems (GIS).

In general, the cost of its development is estimated at 6 billion rubles.

According to the terms of reference, by the end of May 2022, the winner of the auction must create a platform for software development, on the basis of which a single digital
platform “Gostech”. It will have to support the work of at least 100 million people and ensure that 120 thousand users are on it at a time.

As informed sources comment, the project will be based on Platform V – SBER’s own technological platform, a fundamental component of the strategy on which all
development plans for the ecosystem’s financial and non-financial business. The main functionality of Platform V is based on open source software.

Until this date, according to the Ministry of Digital Development, Communications and Mass Media of the Russian Federation, the creation, migration and development of state information systems and their components on a single digital
the GosTech platform should be carried out in the mode of approbation and experiment, which is regulated by the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 1674, and which, in addition to the Ministry of Digital Industry of the Russian Federation itself, should also be joined by such departments as the Analytical Center under the Government of the Russian Federation, Federal Property Management Agency,
Rosreestr, OMS Fund, Russian Export Center and a number of others. The services for the lease of state property and mandatory
medical insurance, in addition, it was supposed to launch services for cadastral activities and works, real estate transactions, the provision of data and analytics from the state register of real estate and a number of
others.

“Digitalization represents a radical change in processes and IT automation. It would be a mistake to consider GosTech exclusively as an IT platform. We put much more meaning into
this project, up to changes in the regulatory framework of this area, “- the official website of the ministry quotes the comment of Dmitry Oguryaev, deputy head of the RF Ministry of Digital Affairs.

State information systems

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Internal systems of Rostelecom are migrating to the domestic OS

Internal systems of Rostelecom are migrating to the domestic OS


MarketBusiness

Natalia Solovieva | 12/31/2020

Internal systems of Rostelecom are migrating to the domestic OS

Provider of digital services and solutions PJSC Rostelecom and Russian developer and supplier of IT solutions and services Red Soft company have published information about the beginning of migration of the provider’s internal systems
for software products of domestic development.

“RED OS” is a domestic operating system of the Linux family for servers and workstations, registered in the Unified Register of Russian Computer Programs and Databases, which maintains
Ministry of Digital Development, Communications and Mass Media of the Russian Federation. Its compliance with information security requirements and approval for use in state information systems (GIS)
confirmed by the certificate of the FSTEC of Russia.

Under the terms of the license agreement concluded between the provider and the developer, the internal systems will be transferred to the RED OS OS of the Server configuration (version for workstations)
Rostelecom. At present, representatives of the operator in the media have specified, the company’s servers are running Windows and a number of operating systems using the Linux kernel.

The migration process will begin in the coming 2021, it is planned to complete it in three years, by the end of 2023. Test tests of the compatibility of the operating system with the server infrastructure
Rostelecom were held in October 2020 and showed positive results, confirming the correct operation of the OS on the operator’s servers, according to the official press release.

It is not known which services Rostelecom intends to transfer to Red OS during this period. In total, representatives of the operator in the media comment, Rostelecom uses about 1,000
of various systems, and first of all, the migration process will affect systems of its own design and systems of Russian production. The terms of the contract allow the provider to set any
number of servers for two years. Only in 2021, according to company representatives, it is planned to install 2000-2500 servers, both for new systems and for the purpose of translation
existing.

“The use of domestic OS is a strategic step towards import substitution. It is important for many companies to use domestic technologies that ensure data security and
neutralize the risks associated with the sanctions policy of foreign states “, – the media quote the comment of the senior vice president of Rostelecom for information technology Kirill Menshov.

The companies do not disclose more detailed information about their cooperation, including financial conditions. But it is known, experts say that after some time Rostelecom intends to transfer
for domestic software products and workplaces of its employees, but which operating system will Rostelecom prefer in this case, and when will it begin to implement this
the project is currently unknown.

operating system

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Rostelecom | Rostelecom



implementation of VMware SD-WAN solution, O2O Holding completed SAP ERP implementation.

INTEGRATION AND CONSULTING (16.11 - 15.12 2020)


MarketBusiness

Gennady Belash | 12/26/2020

INTEGRATION AND CONSULTING (16.11 - 15.12 2020)

NLMK Group implements VMware SD-WAN solution at 36 of its enterprises

Two IT specialists are enough to maintain it, while they only need 20% of the working time. According to experts, VMware SD-WAN provides complete information about what is happening
anywhere in the network, thanks to which the information security service can quickly block unauthorized data exchange between enterprises and branches.

Russian company Integro Technologies and developer of the UiPath platform

announced the beginning of cooperation. As part of the partnership, the integrator will offer the market solutions in the field of process analytics (Process Mining) and automation of robotic processes (Robotic
Process Automation).

O2O Holding (JV Mail.ru Group and Sberbank) has completed the implementation of SAP ERP

in the parent company and two of its assets – Citymobil and Delivery Club. The new system will centralize and unify key financial functions, payroll and HR processes. IN
the system is planned to be circulated to other enterprises of the holding in the future.

The head of the LANIT Group of Companies became the sole owner of the Consist Business Group

Philippe Gens increased his stake to 100% in the authorized capital of Consist LLC, the parent company of Consist Business Group consulting group.

The structures of GK LANIT and GKS (JSC Systematika Group) have jointly owned equal shares of Consist Business Group for more than five years. During this time, the transformation of her business was carried out: in addition to the classic
In the areas of consulting and service services, an independent vendor of domestic software, TURBO, has appeared within the company’s perimeter. The results of this process became a prerequisite for the consolidation of an asset in
LANIT group and coincided with its global strategy. GKS focuses on the development of a stack of products and solutions developed by the companies.

The project “Polyclinic without a registry” was launched in Yakutia

Instead of the usual stand, it will house 15 electronic devices for making appointments with a doctor. Patient coordination will be done by specially trained administrators. Presently
the solution is being tested and personnel is being trained.

The introduction of the new system will eliminate the congestion of visitors on the first floor of the institution and minimize contacts.

Integrators, Consulting

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the end of the PlusToken crypto pyramid and its impact on the market

Almost MMM: the end of the PlusToken crypto pyramid and its impact on the market


MarketBusiness

Natalia Solovieva | 12/19/2020

Almost MMM: the end of the PlusToken crypto pyramid and its impact on the market

According to the research analytical agency The Block Crypto, the currency seized by the PRC police from the illegal PlusToken crypto pyramid will be sold on the free market, and all profits from
sales will go to the country’s budget. Analysts are inclined to believe that a one-time sale of such a large volume of crypto coins, which has not yet been seen on the market, can have an unpredictable
influence on it, but most likely will not lead to a collapse.

The PlusToken multicurrency crypto project was launched in the spring of 2018 and aggressively promoted in the markets of countries such as China, Japan, South Korea, Myanmar, Vietnam, Germany, the United Kingdom and Russia.
advertising the defunct crypto arbitrage trading platform. Users were attracted by the incredibly high return on investment of cryptocurrency assets – from 6% to 19% per month, by a promise
attractive daily payments, as well as the ability to store almost all of the world’s leading cryptocurrencies in the wallet – Bitcoin, Bitcoin Cash, Ethereum XRP, EOSIO, Litecoin, Doge and Dash. For,
in order to take part in the project, it was necessary to deposit a cryptocurrency wallet in an amount equivalent to $ 500 or more.

The project worked for a little less than a year. PlusToken was charged with fraud in March 2019 – signs of a pyramid investment fraudulent scheme (Ponzi) were found in its operation.
promising investors maximum profitability with virtually no risk. The PRC police conducted searches at PlusToken’s offices in Hunan province, and the head
PlusToken’s Chinese subsidiary, Chen Bo and five other Chinese citizens associated with the project fled and were put on a wanted list by the authorities.

It was possible to track the funds of the defrauded depositors thanks to a cryptocurrency transaction analysis service developed in St. Petersburg.

According to the Jiangsu Yancheng Intermediate People’s Court (PRC), from April 6, 2018 to June 27, 2019, the pyramid scheme attracted more than 2.6 million users. For this
During the period, the scheme “absorbed” more than 314 thousand BTC, 117 450 BCH, 96 thousand DASH, 11 billion DOGE, 1.84 million LTC, 9 million ETH, 51 million EOS and 928 million XRP.

According to the most rough estimates, the value of these crypto assets was about 14.8 billion yuan, or $ 2.2 billion at the exchange rate for the specified period, or over $ 11 billion at the exchange rate at the end of November 2020.
year (at the date of the trial).

In July, Chinese authorities arrested 27 key and 82 minor suspects in the creation of the crypto pyramid. To date, 15 people have been convicted in the PlusToken case. The court sentenced them to prison
imprisonment for terms from two to 11 years and fines from $ 100 thousand to $ 1 million.

According to the judicial investigation, one of the inmates successfully laundered cryptocurrencies worth more than 145 million yuan ($ 22 million). Of this amount, the police have identified traces of about $ 19 million – convicts and their families
spent them on luxury cars, about 20 real estate in China, and insurance policies in Hong Kong.

The PRC government managed to seize cryptocurrencies from the convicts for a total amount equivalent to $ 4.2 billion. For the first time, the court described in detail the size and value of all cryptocurrencies seized from the organizers
financial pyramid – almost 200 thousand BTC, over 800 thousand ETH, 1.4 million LTC, 27.6 million EOS, more than 74 thousand DASH, 487 million XRP, 6 billion DOGE, 79 thousand BCH and 213 thousand USDT …

As the court ruled, the seized digital currencies will be processed in accordance with the laws, and the proceeds and proceeds will be confiscated to the national treasury of the Celestial Empire.

According to experts, the effect of selling such a large amount of cryptocurrencies can be unpredictable. But, most likely, you shouldn’t expect any major changes.

For example, Maria Stankevich, the director of development of the EXMO exchange, described the situation as extraordinary in an interview with the media. A one-time sale of cryptoassets for the indicated amounts can provoke
market decline. But, most likely, the expert believes, the sale will be carried out on the OTC market, so there will be no serious effect. In addition, the crypto community can easily track all
transactions on the blockchain and quickly learn about the sale of assets.

However, according to Maria Agranovskaya, a teacher at the Moscow Digital School, the consequences of the sale of assets of this size and even news about this can lead to a market collapse.

However, according to the co-founder of the STASIS digital currency platform Grigory Klumov, the PRC authorities are unlikely to put up such a significant amount of cryptocurrency confiscated for sale. Since bitcoin is already in
may become an essential part of the financial system in the foreseeable future, the Chinese government will probably decide to keep the assets received.

Cryptocurrency

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Estonian e-residency program: the results of six years of work

Estonian e-residency program: the results of six years of work


MarketBusiness

Olga Blinkova | 12/13/2020

Estonian e-residency program: the results of six years of work

In December, Estonia celebrated six years since the beginning of the e-residency program: an electronic residency, when you can create a company and operate as an Estonian company, but physically
being anywhere in the world.

It is noted that over the years the program has allowed Estonia to earn more than 50 million euros; however, its growth and functioning during the pandemic continued.

Currently, there are 75 thousand electronic resident companies in the country, of which 11,500 have joined in the last year. The tax rate in Estonia is 20%.

The advantage of e-residency is that this form of enterprise functioning gives access to consumers in the EU countries. Thus, most of the companies applying the Estonian e-residency physically
are located in Ukraine, Russia and China.

There are a number of difficulties in obtaining electronic residency in Estonia: for example, you need to physically confirm your identity and obtain a special ID card at the Estonian consulate in your home country, and
open an account in an Estonian bank. There are also problems with this – to open an account you need to visit Estonia, which was previously not easy for those who need to obtain a Schengen visa, but now, during
pandemics, and even more so. At the same time, registration of e-resident status takes place remotely (but, I repeat, you need to get it personally at the consulate) and costs about 100 euros.

Digital economy

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